756 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dissection of the host-pathogen interaction in human tuberculosis using a bioengineered 3-dimensional model

    Liku B Tezera et al.
    The bridging of bioengineering and cell culture techniques provides a transformative platform to investigate human biology within a 3-dimensional extracellular matrix over prolonged periods with multiplex readouts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The Anopheles gambiae 2La chromosome inversion is associated with susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum in Africa

    Michelle M Riehle et al.
    A common chromosome inversion in African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae) is associated with differences in malaria infection, adult resting behavior and ecology, and may aid the most efficient vectors to evade malaria control.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Guanylate binding proteins directly attack Toxoplasma gondii via supramolecular complexes

    Elisabeth Kravets et al.
    Cellular immunity against Toxoplasma parasites is orchestrated by GBP complexes attacking the parasite membrane.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Visualization of the type III secretion mediated Salmonella–host cell interface using cryo-electron tomography

    Donghyun Park et al.
    Visualization of the type III secretion mediated Salmonella-host cell interface reveals the intact translocon and the profound remodeling of the host membrane at unprecedented resolution.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Characterization of a Toxoplasma effector uncovers an alternative GSK3/β-catenin-regulatory pathway of inflammation

    Huan He et al.
    A genetic screen in combination with biochemical approaches reveal hijacking of the host β-catenin destruction complex by the parasite T. gondii to reprogram immune gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sequestration of host metabolism by an intracellular pathogen

    Lena Gehre et al.
    The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, a human pathogen, hijacks its host’s energy supplies by using the parasitophorous vacuole as a glycogen synthesis and storage compartment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Viruses are a dominant driver of protein adaptation in mammals

    David Enard et al.
    Viruses drive adaptation at the scale of the whole proteome and not only in antiviral proteins in mammalian hosts.

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