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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sequestration of host metabolism by an intracellular pathogen

    Lena Gehre et al.
    The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, a human pathogen, hijacks its host’s energy supplies by using the parasitophorous vacuole as a glycogen synthesis and storage compartment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dissection of the host-pathogen interaction in human tuberculosis using a bioengineered 3-dimensional model

    Liku B Tezera et al.
    The bridging of bioengineering and cell culture techniques provides a transformative platform to investigate human biology within a 3-dimensional extracellular matrix over prolonged periods with multiplex readouts.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Host-pathogen coevolution increases genetic variation in susceptibility to infection

    Elizabeth ML Duxbury et al.
    A history of coevolution increases genetic variation in the susceptibility of Drosophila to viruses, largely by introducing major-effect resistance polymorphisms into populations.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A model symbiosis reveals a role for sheathed-flagellum rotation in the release of immunogenic lipopolysaccharide

    Caitlin A Brennan et al.
    Both beneficial and pathogenic bacteria can use their sheathed flagella during host colonization as a novel toxin-/signal-delivery mechanism.
    1. Plant Biology

    Plant–necrotroph co-transcriptome networks illuminate a metabolic battlefield

    Wei Zhang et al.
    Simultaneously measuring the transcriptomes of both a host plant and fungal pathogen, co-transcriptomics, identified diverse, dynamic and independent communication mechanisms conveying information between the two organisms via discrete gene modules.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mycobacterium ulcerans dynamics in aquatic ecosystems are driven by a complex interplay of abiotic and biotic factors

    Andrés Garchitorena et al.
    Different transmission routes of Mycobacterium ulcerans to aquatic organisms may prevail depending on local physico-chemical conditions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An internal thioester in a pathogen surface protein mediates covalent host binding

    Miriam Walden et al.
    Bacterial-encoded covalent adhesion is a new molecular principle in host-microbe interactions and may play a key role in host colonization by a wide range of Gram-positive bacteria.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM channels mediate learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention

    Adam Filipowicz et al.
    Behavioral assays using Caenorhabditis elegans show that a learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention requires specific chemosensory neurons and TRPM channels in the intestine and excretory cell.