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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A protein secreted by the Salmonella type III secretion system controls needle filament assembly

    Junya Kato et al.
    A novel component of type III protein secretion systems involved in the assembly of the secretion machine is reported.
    1. Plant Biology

    Antimicrobial peptide expression in a wild tobacco plant reveals the limits of host-microbe-manipulations in the field

    Arne Weinhold et al.
    The attempt to manipulate a microbiome in planta to study the ecological consequences under field conditions leaves plants and their microbes surprisingly unimpressed.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    A gene horizontally transferred from bacteria protects arthropods from host plant cyanide poisoning

    Nicky Wybouw et al.
    The enzyme that allows some mites and insects to detoxify the hydrogen cyanide produced by plants has been identified.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Wolbachia cytoplasmic incompatibility enzyme CidB targets nuclear import and protamine-histone exchange factors

    John Frederick Beckmann et al.
    Genetic and proteomic screening with Wolbachia's CidB enzyme reveal the mechanisms and targets of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI).
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single nucleus sequencing reveals evidence of inter-nucleus recombination in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

    Eric CH Chen et al.
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi generate nuclear diversity in the dikaryotic life-stage stage via inter-nucleus recombination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A Mesozoic clown beetle myrmecophile (Coleoptera: Histeridae)

    Yu-Lingzi Zhou et al.
    A 99-million year old beetle in amber was a myrmecophile—a social impostor of the earliest-known ant colonies—revealing the most ancient behavioral symbiosis yet discovered in the Metazoa.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Physiological and stem cell compartmentalization within the Drosophila midgut

    Alexis Marianes, Allan C Spradling
    The intestine contains distinct subregions specialized for digestion along its anterior-posterior axis, and the stem cells that constantly renew these subregions are not interchangeable.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.