1,829 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    House sparrow illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The house sparrow in the service of basic and applied biology

    Haley E Hanson et al.
    The house sparrow, one of the most ubiquitous birds in the world, is now used extensively in studies across disciplines in the life sciences.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MHC-compatible bone marrow stromal/stem cells trigger fibrosis by activating host T cells in a scleroderma mouse model

    Yoko Ogawa et al.
    PDGFRα+ Sca-1+ bone marrow stromal/stem cells in whole bone marrow grafts can trigger the onset of autoimmune-related fibrosis in a mouse model of scleroderma.
    1. Ecology

    Meta-analysis challenges a textbook example of status signalling and demonstrates publication bias

    Alfredo Sánchez-Tójar et al.
    Meta-analysis takes down a textbook example in behavioural and evolutionary ecology, and demonstrates the existence of biases in the current scientific publishing culture.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Integrin alpha11 is an Osteolectin receptor and is required for the maintenance of adult skeletal bone mass

    Bo Shen et al.
    Integrin a11 is identified as an Osteolectin receptor, revealing a new mechanism for adult skeletal bone maintenance in which Osteolectin/a11b1 signaling promotes bone formation by activating the Wnt pathway.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A population of innate myelolymphoblastoid effector cell expanded by inactivation of mTOR complex 1 in mice

    Fei Tang et al.
    A novel population of hematopoietic cells unmasked by mTORC1 inactivation reveals a new mechanism of innate immune tolerance and a new consequence of defective hematopoiesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation repression via modulation of the cytoplasmic poly(A)-binding protein in the inflammatory response

    Xu Zhang et al.
    The RNA-binding protein, Zfp36, which is critical for resolving inflammation, inhibits the production of proinflammatory cytokines via modulation of the cytoplasmic poly(A)-binding protein.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance of cancer susceptibility in mammals

    Bluma J Lesch et al.
    Genetic knockout of the histone demethylase Kdm6a in the mouse germ line leads to elevated cancer incidence in genetically wild type offspring.
    1. Cell Biology

    The mammalian lectin galectin-8 induces RANKL expression, osteoclastogenesis, and bone mass reduction in mice

    Yaron Vinik et al.
    The secreted sugar-binding protein galectin-8 causes osteoblasts to secrete factors that promote the differentiation of bone marrow cells into osteoclasts; targeting this protein could therefore potentially help treat diseases associated with excessive bone loss.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cells suppress medullary granulopoiesis by an extracellular glycosylation-dependent mechanism

    Eric E Irons et al.
    B cells regulate production of neutrophils by a novel mechanism by releasing ST6Gal-1, an active sialyltransferase, that suppresses granulopoiesis.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Melanoma exosomes educate bone marrow progenitor cells toward a pro-metastatic phenotype through MET

    Jeewon Kim et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced some parts of the original paper but other parts could not be interpreted.

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