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    1. Neuroscience

    A resource for the Drosophila antennal lobe provided by the connectome of glomerulus VA1v

    Jane Anne Horne et al.
    FIB-SEM is used to identify comprehensively and reconstruct 192 neurons and their complete connectome for glomerulus VA1v of the Drosophila antennal lobe, in particular to reconstruct its local interneurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An oxygen-insensitive Hif-3α isoform inhibits Wnt signaling by destabilizing the nuclear β-catenin complex

    Peng Zhang et al.
    Hif/Hif-3α has two distinct roles in cells: activating HRE-dependent gene expression and binding to β-catenin to destabilize the nuclear β-catenin complex.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Hippo effector Yorkie activates transcription by interacting with a histone methyltransferase complex through Ncoa6

    Yun Qing et al.
    Elucidating the molecular mechanism by which the Hippo signaling effector Yorkie (Yki) functions as a transcriptional coactivator in growth control reveals the importance of a histone-modifying enzyme for this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Highly redundant neuropeptide volume co-transmission underlying episodic activation of the GnRH neuron dendron

    Xinhuai Liu et al.
    The arcuate nucleus kisspeptin neurons express multiple transmitters but use only the neuropeptide kisspeptin to drive the episodic secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone.
    1. Developmental Biology

    VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling regulates hippocampal axon branching during development

    Robert Luck et al.
    Hippocampal axon branching, required for the formation of functional neuronal networks, is regulated by VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling during development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation of mitochondrial and ER factors in quality control of tail-anchored proteins

    Verena Dederer et al.
    The endoplasmic reticulum E3 ubiquitin ligase Doa10 and the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase Msp1 govern targeting fidelity of outer mitochondrial tail-anchored proteins by controlling cytoplasmic concentration and extracting mistargeted and orphan species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Comprehensive substrate specificity profiling of the human Nek kinome reveals unexpected signaling outputs

    Bert van de Kooij et al.
    The human NimA-related kinases (Neks) recognize divergent substrate motifs, and include Nek10 as a dual-specificity serine/tyrosine kinase, and Nek6, Nek7 and Nek9 as amplifiers of the Plk1 phospho-motif.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Human pancreatic cancer cell exosomes, but not human normal cell exosomes, act as an initiator in cell transformation

    Karoliina Stefanius et al.
    Exosomes secreted from pancreatic cancer cells can function as a classic initiator in the multi-step cellular transformation process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cycles of autoubiquitination and deubiquitination regulate the ERAD ubiquitin ligase Hrd1

    Brian G Peterson et al.
    The Hrd1-centric endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation system is regulated by interplay between the system's components.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A team of heterochromatin factors collaborates with small RNA pathways to combat repetitive elements and germline stress

    Alicia N McMurchy et al.
    Genome-wide profiling and functional analyses reveal a network of heterochromatin and small RNA factors that silences repetitive elements and prevents genotoxic stress to ensure fertility.