3,116 results found
    1. Medicine

    Decreasing human body temperature in the United States since the Industrial Revolution

    Myroslava Protsiv et al.
    Since the Industrial Revolution, normal body temperature in both men and women has decreased monotonically by 0.03°C per birth decade.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cation channel TRPA1 tunes mosquito thermotaxis to host temperatures

    Román A Corfas, Leslie B Vosshall
    Female mosquitoes are exquisitely sensitive to human body heat, and the TRPA1 gene is required to focus their attraction toward thermal stimuli resembling warm-blooded hosts.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ANGPTL4 mediates shuttling of lipid fuel to brown adipose tissue during sustained cold exposure

    Wieneke Dijk et al.
    During sustained cold exposure, lipid fuel is specifically directed towards brown adipose tissue, but not white adipose tissue, via cold-induced regulation of Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4).
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic reinforcement learning for integrating reward collection and physiological stability

    Mehdi Keramati, Boris Gutkin
    A mathematical model built around the assumption that the desire to maintain internal homeostasis drives the behavior of animals, by affecting their learning processes, can explain many real-world behaviors, including some that might otherwise appear irrational.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct ipRGC subpopulations mediate light’s acute and circadian effects on body temperature and sleep

    Alan C Rupp et al.
    Daily fluctuations versus transient perturbations in environmental light influence behavior and physiology through distinct circuits.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transposase-assisted tagmentation of RNA/DNA hybrid duplexes

    Bo Lu et al.
    Tn5 transposase has direct tagmentation activity towards RNA/DNA hybrids, which is harnessed as a more convenient and faster RNA-seq library construction method and will benefit RNA and chromatin research.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Optical estimation of absolute membrane potential using fluorescence lifetime imaging

    Julia R Lazzari-Dean et al.
    Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, paired with fluorescent, voltage-sensitive dyes, provides a method for measuring and quantifying membrane potentials of living cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Taar1 gene variants have a causal role in methamphetamine intake and response and interact with Oprm1

    Alexandra M Stafford et al.
    The trace amine-associated receptor 1 gene has a causal role in methamphetamine intake and thermal response, and interacts with the mu-opioid receptor gene in its methamphetamine addiction-related effects.

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