4,739 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Combined ALK and MDM2 inhibition increases antitumor activity and overcomes resistance in human ALK mutant neuroblastoma cell lines and xenograft models

    Hui Qin Wang et al.
    The combination of ceritinib with CGM097 demonstrates remarkable antitumor activity in TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma models with ALK aberrations and is able to overcome the resistance acquired during ceritinib treatment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribonuclease L mediates the cell-lethal phenotype of double-stranded RNA editing enzyme ADAR1 deficiency in a human cell line

    Yize Li et al.
    Endogenous double-stranded RNA is generated in human cells and leads to RNase L activation and consequent cell death unless neutralized by adenosine deaminase acting on RNA1 (ADAR1).
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of an expandable intermediate mesoderm restricted progenitor cell line from human pluripotent stem cells

    Nathan Kumar et al.
    An expandable cell population derived from human pluripotent stem cells exhibits properties of mesoderm and is restricted to differentiate into derivatives of intermediate mesoderm.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Signaling pathways as linear transmitters

    Harry Nunns, Lea Goentoro
    Mathematical and experimental analyses suggest that despite their complex architectures, multiple metazoan signaling pathways act in physiological contexts as linear signal transmitters.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Palmitoylated SCP1 is targeted to the plasma membrane and negatively regulates angiogenesis

    Peng Liao et al.
    Palmitoylation recruits the phosphatase SCP1 to endothelial cell membranes where it negatively regulates Akt kinase activity, resulting in suppressed angiogenesis and decreased tumorigenesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex Chromosome Evolution: Culture shock

    Antoine Molaro, Harmit S Malik
    Many different human cell lines, including both normal and cancer cells, appear to converge to a state that contains an unusual number of chromosomes when they are grown in culture.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Natural variation in C. elegans arsenic toxicity is explained by differences in branched chain amino acid metabolism

    Stefan Zdraljevic et al.
    Quantitative genetics approaches using Caenorhabditis elegans facilitate the discovery of a novel arsenic toxicity mechanism.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    T-ALL leukemia stem cell 'stemness' is epigenetically controlled by the master regulator SPI1

    Haichuan Zhu et al.
    The identification of key determinants of LSC “stemness” and LSC differentiation that is reversible through an epigenetic mechanism may have considerable implications in understanding leukemia and designing effective therapies.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Musashi proteins are post-transcriptional regulators of the epithelial-luminal cell state

    Yarden Katz et al.
    Genetic mouse models and human cell lines show that Musashi proteins promote an epithelial/luminal state and inhibit epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), and genome-wide maps of translational regulatory targets connect Musashi proteins to an epithelial alternative splicing program and to the regulation of EMT.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.

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