35 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human gut Bacteroides capture vitamin B12 via cell surface-exposed lipoproteins

    Aaron G Wexler et al.
    The human gut bacterial lipoprotein BtuG binds vitamin B12 with femtomolar affinity, can remove vitamin B12 from human intrinsic factor, and is required for commensal fitness in the gut.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary transitions between beneficial and phytopathogenic Rhodococcus challenge disease management

    Elizabeth A Savory et al.
    The horizontal acquisition of virulence plasmids is potentiated by production practices in plant nurseries and is sufficient to transition Rhodococcus from being beneficial to being pathogenic.
    1. Plant Biology

    The plant pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa triggers a DELLA-dependent seed germination arrest in Arabidopsis

    Hicham Chahtane et al.
    Arabidopsis seed germination can be repressed by a Pseudomonas factor.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential impact of outpatient stewardship interventions on antibiotic exposures of common bacterial pathogens

    Christine Tedijanto et al.
    Antibiotic stewardship in the outpatient setting can substantially reduce exposures of potential pathogens to common antibiotics, and complementary efforts are needed to reduce remaining exposures that occur in 'necessary' contexts.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perforin-2 is essential for intracellular defense of parenchymal cells and phagocytes against pathogenic bacteria

    Ryan M McCormack et al.
    Perforin-2 deficiency is lethal upon infection with pathogenic bacteria despite the presence of other bactericidal effectors.
  1. Point of View: Unbridle biomedical research from the laboratory cage

    Garet P Lahvis
    Recent advances in technology now make it possible to carry out biomedical research on animals living in the wild, or captive animals living in naturalistic conditions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution: Of starch and spit

    Mareike C Janiak
    Animals living alongside humans have multiple copies of the gene for alpha-amylase, the enzyme that breaks down starchy foods, and high levels of this protein in their saliva.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The microbiota protects from viral-induced neurologic damage through microglia-intrinsic TLR signaling

    D Garrett Brown et al.
    Immune stimulation from the microbiota prevents neurological damage associated with viral infection of the central nervous system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome plasticity in Candida albicans is driven by long repeat sequences

    Robert T Todd et al.
    Previously uncharacterized long repeat sequences are associated with significant genome variation that can increase fitness and promote antifungal drug resistance in diverse isolates of Candida albicans.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of several thousand highly diverse circular DNA viruses

    Michael J Tisza et al.
    A bioinformatics pipeline has annotated over 2,500 complete genomes of circular DNA viruses belonging to dozens of established and emerging viral families.

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