7,625 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative uniqueness of human brain evolution revealed through phylogenetic comparative analysis

    Ian F Miller et al.
    The exceptionally large size of the human brain is the result of accelerating evolution towards larger brains in hominins, but is not the product of neocortical expansion.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homoplasy in the evolution of modern human-like joint proportions in Australopithecus afarensis

    Anjali M Prabhat et al.
    The human-like joint proportions of Australopithecus afarensis evolved independently, making 'Lucy' and her kind the earliest known evolutionary experiment in obligate bipedalism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid evolution of the human mutation spectrum

    Kelley Harris, Jonathan K Pritchard
    Heritable mutations tend to occur within different DNA sequence contexts in different human populations, suggesting that DNA replication and repair often change in efficacy over only a few hundred generations of evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution and cell-type specificity of human-specific genes preferentially expressed in progenitors of fetal neocortex

    Marta Florio et al.
    Transcriptomic and genomic analysis provides a resource of 50 primate-specific genes preferentially expressed in neural progenitors of fetal human neocortex, 15 of which are specific to humans.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the Plasmodium falciparum 80S ribosome bound to the anti-protozoan drug emetine

    Wilson Wong et al.
    The molecular mechanism behind how emetine inhibits the ribosome of the human malaria parasite, along with structural details of the complex formed, is revealed at high resolution using cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-resolution imaging of skin deformation shows that afferents from human fingertips signal slip onset

    Benoit P Delhaye et al.
    Synchronous recording of skin deformations at the contact with a transparent surface and of tactile afferents from the fingertip reveals that afferents signal incipient slip.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An efficient targeted nuclease strategy for high-resolution mapping of DNA binding sites

    Peter J Skene, Steven Henikoff
    CUT&RUN (Cleavage Under Targets & Release Using Nuclease) profiles antibody-targeted DNA-binding proteins in situ with high resolution and low background, providing a simple, robust and scalable alternative to chromatin immunoprecipitation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Baboon illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.

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