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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neolithic and medieval virus genomes reveal complex evolution of hepatitis B

    Ben Krause-Kyora et al.
    Ancient hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes were reconstructed from up to 7000-year-old Stone Age human skeletons, suggesting a long-time complex co-evolution with human populations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The whale shark genome reveals patterns of vertebrate gene family evolution

    Milton Tan et al.
    The new whale shark genome assembly represents the best gapless chondrichthyan genome assembly yet, and comparative genomic analyses provide insights into the evolution of vertebrate genome origins, immunity, and gigantism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    A role for PVRL4-driven cell–cell interactions in tumorigenesis

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    A protein called PVRL4 has a central role in a number of cancers that originate in epithelial tissue, and anti-PVRL4 antibodies could be used to treat some of these cancers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental perturbations lead to regulatory decoherence

    Amanda Lea et al.
    Infection and metabolic syndrome lead to a loss of molecular regulation, and changes in molecular correlations are under genetic control as revealed by the presence of correlation quantitative trait loci.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comprehensive annotations of human herpesvirus 6A and 6B genomes reveal novel and conserved genomic features

    Yaara Finkel et al.
    Unbiased mapping of viral open reading frames (ORFs) and transcripts in HHV-6 genomes uncovers novel ORFs and lncRNAs that are conserved across betaherpesviruses.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Haplotypes spanning centromeric regions reveal persistence of large blocks of archaic DNA

    Sasha A Langley et al.
    Genomic polymorphism across centromeric regions of humans is organized into large-scale haplotypes with great diversity, including entire Neanderthal centromeres.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Background selection and biased gene conversion affect more than 95% of the human genome and bias demographic inferences

    Fanny Pouyet et al.
    Background selection and GC-biased gene conversion impact the human genome to a much larger extent than previously recognized in low and high recombination rate regions, respectively.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Life-threatening S. aureus infections emerge from commensal nose bacteria in association with repeatable adaptive evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Population Genetics: Global clues to the nature of genomic mutations in humans

    Aylwyn Scally
    An analysis of worldwide human genetic variation reveals the footprints of ancient changes in genomic mutation processes.
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