3,098 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Human T cell receptor occurrence patterns encode immune history, genetic background, and receptor specificity

    William S DeWitt III et al.
    An analysis of T cell receptor occurrence patterns that accounts for MHC restriction reveals striking imprints of common viral pathogens and patterns of TCR-HLA sequence covariation in a large human cohort.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neolithic and medieval virus genomes reveal complex evolution of hepatitis B

    Ben Krause-Kyora et al.
    Ancient hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes were reconstructed from up to 7000-year-old Stone Age human skeletons, suggesting a long-time complex co-evolution with human populations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The RNA interactome of human telomerase RNA reveals a coding-independent role for a histone mRNA in telomere homeostasis

    Roland Ivanyi-Nagy et al.
    A messenger RNA coding for the histone 1.2 protein negatively regulates telomere elongation by interacting with human telomerase RNA.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Present-day central African forest is a legacy of the 19th century human history

    Julie Morin-Rivat et al.
    The cessation of major anthropogenic disturbances since European colonization in the forests of central Africa leads to a canopy closing, and to the disappearance of certain light-demanding tree species.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Eighteenth century Yersinia pestis genomes reveal the long-term persistence of an historical plague focus

    Kirsten I Bos et al.
    The analysis of 18th century Y. pestis genomes reveals a bacterial lineage that might be responsible for the 400-year period of European plague epidemics from the Renaissance through early modern times.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression of regulatory alleles and a missense coding mutation drive plumage pattern diversity in the rock pigeon

    Anna I Vickrey et al.
    Different kinds of molecular changes at one genetic locus control different feather pigmentation patterns, and the darkest patterns resulted from hybridization with another species.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Histone Deacetylase 7 mediates tissue-specific autoimmunity via control of innate effector function in invariant Natural Killer T Cells

    Herbert G Kasler et al.
    The development of Natural Killer T Cells is controlled by Histone Deacetylase 7, a function that combined with its known role in thymic negative selection provides a potential mechanism explaining its association with tissue-specific autoimmunity in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Diminished responses to bodily threat and blunted interoception in suicide attempters

    Danielle C DeVille et al.
    People who have attempted suicide exhibit blunted sensory processing during breathing and pain perturbations, as well as lower heartbeat perception accuracy and reduced mid/posterior insula activity during interoceptive attention.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Background selection and biased gene conversion affect more than 95% of the human genome and bias demographic inferences

    Fanny Pouyet et al.
    Background selection and GC-biased gene conversion impact the human genome to a much larger extent than previously recognized in low and high recombination rate regions, respectively.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A variant-centric perspective on geographic patterns of human allele frequency variation

    Arjun Biddanda et al.
    New tools for visualizing population genetic data can provide a more direct understanding of levels of differentiation among human populations.

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