221 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural encoding of actual and imagined touch within human posterior parietal cortex

    Srinivas Chivukula et al.
    Single neurons in human posterior parietal cortex encode actual and imagined touch within a shared neural substrate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Systematic examination of low-intensity ultrasound parameters on human motor cortex excitability and behavior

    Anton Fomenko et al.
    Transcranial low-intensity ultrasound applied in block design and at low duty cycles and longer sonication durations can safely and non-invasively suppress human motor-evoked potentials, possibly via GABA-A-mediated inhibitory pathways.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nanobody-directed targeting of optogenetic tools to study signaling in the primary cilium

    Jan N Hansen et al.
    Trafficking of optogenetic tools to primary cilia using nanobodies allows to study cAMP signaling with spatial and temporal resolution independent of the cell body.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans strategically shift decision bias by flexibly adjusting sensory evidence accumulation

    Niels A Kloosterman et al.
    Decision-makers are able to intentionally control neural excitability to strategically bias sensory evidence accumulation towards the decision bound that maximizes reward within a given ecological context.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus encodes delay and value information during delay-discounting decision making

    Akira Masuda et al.
    Two distinct subpopulations of CA1 neurons that increased or decreased their firing rate during delay were identified, suggesting that they have distinct roles in the valuation process in the hippocampus.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Preferential assembly of heteromeric kainate and AMPA receptor amino terminal domains

    Huaying Zhao et al.
    Members of kainate and AMPA families of glutamate receptors exhibit large differences in affinity for homo- and hetero-dimerziation of their amino terminal domains, which may control gating characteristics and ion selectivity of receptor subtypes with different subunit composition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Monochromatic multicomponent fluorescence sedimentation velocity for the study of high-affinity protein interactions

    Huaying Zhao et al.
    Fluorescence detected sedimentation velocity offers a new method for studying heterogeneous protein interactions in solution by exploiting characteristic temporal signal modulations of photoswitchable fluorescent proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic modulation of decision biases by brainstem arousal systems

    Jan Willem de Gee et al.
    Rapid increases in the brain’s level of alertness, or arousal, contribute to variability in decision making by reducing existing biases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intermittent subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation induces risk-aversive behavior in human subjects

    Shaun R Patel et al.
    Deep brain stimulation can selectively modify neural activity within the subthalamic nucleus to modify decisions under uncertainty in human subjects.
    1. Neuroscience

    A selective role for ventromedial subthalamic nucleus in inhibitory control

    Benjamin Pasquereau, Robert S Turner
    Single-unit activity consistent with a selective causal role in reactive stopping or switching behaviors is found only in the most ventromedial subregion of the subthalamic nucleus.

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