640 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sister kinetochore splitting and precocious disintegration of bivalents could explain the maternal age effect

    Agata P Zielinska et al.
    Multiple age-related changes in chromosome architecture could explain why human oocyte aneuploidy increases with advanced maternal age.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome Segregation: Freewheeling sisters cause problems

    Takashi Akera, Michael A Lampson
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Prolonged ovarian storage of mature Drosophila oocytes dramatically increases meiotic spindle instability

    Ethan J Greenblatt et al.
    Meiotic chromosome segregation in mature Drosophila oocytes is sensitive to prolonged quiescence, suggesting that human oocyte instability may result from storage of mature rather than primordial oocytes and be modifiable.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The discovery and importance of genomic imprinting

    Anne C Ferguson-Smith, Deborah Bourc'his
    Research into genomic imprinting has provided a foundation for the study of epigenetic mechanisms, especially during development, and has also shed light on a range of rare genetic disorders and common diseases.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into mammalian biology from the wild house mouse Mus musculus

    Megan Phifer-Rixey, Michael W Nachman
    Studies of the house mouse Mus musculus have provided important insights into mammalian biology, and efforts to study wild house mice and to create new inbred strains from wild populations have the potential to increase its usefulness as a model system.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cell-autonomous regulation of epithelial cell quiescence by calcium channel Trpv6

    Yi Xin et al.
    Genetics, in vivo imaging, and unbiased chemical biology screens reveal that Trpv6 functions as a cellular quiescence regulator and delineates a Trpv6-mediated Ca2+ signaling pathway maintaining the quiescent state.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    IFN-mediated negative feedback supports bacteria class-specific macrophage inflammatory responses

    Rachel A Gottschalk et al.
    Inflammatory dynamics are tailored to bacterial class through macrophage integration of microbial stimuli and cytokine feedback.

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