163 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ER-luminal [Ca2+] regulation of InsP3 receptor gating mediated by an ER-luminal peripheral Ca2+-binding protein

    Horia Vais et al.
    Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum through the IP3 receptor ion channel is strongly regulated by a calcium-binding protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Disease-associated mutations in the human TRPM3 render the channel overactive via two distinct mechanisms

    Siyuan Zhao et al.
    Disease-associated mutants of the TRPM3 ion channel are overactive, and they are inhibited by the antiepileptic medication primidone, offering a potential therapeutic intervention to treat this channelopathy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Limitation of adipose tissue by the number of embryonic progenitor cells

    Kristina Hedbacker et al.
    The size of subcutaneous, but not visceral, fat depots is dependent on the number of embryonic adipocyte progenitors.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of novel, clinically correlated autoantigens in the monogenic autoimmune syndrome APS1 by proteome-wide PhIP-Seq

    Sara E Vazquez et al.
    Humans with mutations in the AIRE gene exhibit common autoantibodies targeting ovarian and intestinal antigens, including intestinal dysfunction-associated antibodies to enteroendocrine transcription factor RFX6.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Squamous trans-differentiation of pancreatic cancer cells promotes stromal inflammation

    Tim DD Somerville et al.
    A major consequence of ductal-to-squamous lineage transition in pancreatic cancer cells is to augment inflammation, which may explain the exceptionally poor clinical outcomes of squamous-subtype tumors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Control of brown adipose tissue adaptation to nutrient stress by the activin receptor ALK7

    Patricia Marmol et al.
    The activin receptor ALK7 regulates the adaptation of brown adipose tissue to nutrient availability by preventing over-activation of signaling pathways induced by fasting, allowing appropriate response to cold exposure.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-type diversity and regionalized gene expression in the planarian intestine

    David J Forsthoefel et al.
    Application of laser-capture microdissection to planarian intestinal tissue provides a new tool for analysis of tissue-specific gene expression in flatworms, and a new resource to advance investigations of gastrointestinal regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Enhanced ER-associated degradation of HMG CoA reductase causes embryonic lethality associated with Ubiad1 deficiency

    Youngah Jo et al.
    Embryonic lethality associated with deficiency of UBIAD1, which synthesizes a vitamin K2 subtype, results from aberrant ER-associated degradation of the cholesterol biosynthetic enzyme HMG CoA reductase.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multifaceted secretion of htNSC-derived hypothalamic islets induces survival and antidiabetic effect via peripheral implantation in mice

    Yizhe Tang et al.
    A subpopulation of multi-secretory hypothalamic stem cells was developed to form 3D spheres for peripheral application against mortality and symptom of a severe diabetes model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Biallelic TANGO1 mutations cause a novel syndromal disease due to hampered cellular collagen secretion

    Caroline Lekszas et al.
    The first human TANGO1-associated syndromal disease manifests as impaired collagen secretion, highlighting the importance of TANGO1 in human pathophysiology.

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