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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    SLC6A14, an amino acid transporter, modifies the primary CF defect in fluid secretion

    Saumel Ahmadi et al.
    Loss of an amino acid transporter and tissue depletion of nitric oxide worsens the intestinal function of CF mice, a finding that potentially explains variation in disease severity amongst CF individuals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synthetic single domain antibodies for the conformational trapping of membrane proteins

    Iwan Zimmermann et al.
    Synthetic single domain antibody libraries and a binder selection cascade encompassing ribosome and phage display enable the selection of conformation-specific binders against previously intractable membrane proteins within three weeks.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Epithelial-Myeloid cell crosstalk regulates acinar cell plasticity and pancreatic remodeling in mice

    Yaqing Zhang et al.
    In the pancreas, reciprocal interactions between epithelial cells and myeloid cells determine the balance between tissue repair and carcinogenesis by regulating acinar cell plasticity through differential activation of EGFR/MAPK signaling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Internalization and presentation of myelin antigens by the brain endothelium guides antigen-specific T cell migration

    Melissa A Lopes Pinheiro et al.
    Antigen-specific control of CD4+ T cell trans-migration by brain endothelial cells via presentation of CNS-derived antigens in MHC-II molecules.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mitochondrial DNA copy number variation across human cancers

    Ed Reznik et al.
    Many tumors are depleted of mitochondrial DNA; this depletion is associated with changes in gene expression and with the incidence of critical somatic mutations and alterations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptional networks specifying homeostatic and inflammatory programs of gene expression in human aortic endothelial cells

    Nicholas T Hogan et al.
    An integrative genome-wide approach supports a direct and collaborative role of ETS and AP-1 transcription factors in maintaining endothelial cell-specific and anti-inflammatory gene expression programs.
    1. Cancer Biology

    KEAP1 loss modulates sensitivity to kinase targeted therapy in lung cancer

    Elsa B Krall et al.
    Loss of KEAP1 modulates sensitivity to targeted therapies in lung cancer.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The CDK-PLK1 axis targets the DNA damage checkpoint sensor protein RAD9 to promote cell proliferation and tolerance to genotoxic stress

    Takeshi Wakida et al.
    Minimizing anti-proliferation signaling from DNA damage detection machinery is the tactic for the cells to drive proliferation under genotoxic environment, and the function is exerted by Polo-Like-Kinase1 that is frequently over-expressed in cancer cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Diagnostic potential for a serum miRNA neural network for detection of ovarian cancer

    Kevin M Elias et al.
    Application of machine learning to serum miRNA profiles generated through next generation sequencing identifies a biologically relevant miRNA signature which can be deployed as a qPCR test to assist the diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Drosophila neprilysins control insulin signaling and food intake via cleavage of regulatory peptides

    Benjamin Hallier et al.
    The catalytic activity of a Drosophila neprilysin is critical to proper insulin expression and food intake by regulating homeostasis of distinct signaling peptides.