191 results found
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Activating the regenerative potential of Müller glia cells in a regeneration-deficient retina

    Katharina Lust, Joachim Wittbrodt
    Müller glia cells in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) retina act as lineage restricted progenitors which only regenerate photoreceptors but can be activated to perform as potent stem cells using Sox2.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Unique molecular events during reprogramming of human somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) at naïve state

    Yixuan Wang et al.
    During reprogramming of human fibroblasts to naïve iPSCs there is transient reactivation of transcripts with the characteristics of 8-cell-stage-embryos.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Micropattern differentiation of mouse pluripotent stem cells recapitulates embryo regionalized cell fate patterning

    Sophie M Morgani et al.
    Micropatterned differentiation of mouse pluripotent stem cells gives rise to regionally distinct cell types arising in embryos at gastrulation.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    FGF mediated MAPK and PI3K/Akt Signals make distinct contributions to pluripotency and the establishment of Neural Crest

    Lauren Geary, Carole LaBonne
    A role for FGF-mediated Map Kinase signaling in the retention of pluripotency underlying genesis of Neural Crest is revealed, along with a striking switch in the signaling cascades activated by FGF signaling as cells commence lineage restriction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal populations in the occipital cortex of the blind synchronize to the temporal dynamics of speech

    Markus Johannes Van Ackeren et al.
    Blind people re-purpose the brain's visual areas for tracking speech rhythm.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Revised roles of ISL1 in a hES cell-based model of human heart chamber specification

    Roberto Quaranta et al.
    Loss and gain-of-function investigation uncovers a regulatory network controlling human heart chamber specification in which the cardiac precursor gene ISL1 accelerates ventricular induction and antagonizes retinoic acid-driven atrial commitment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Cell lineage and cell cycling analyses of the 4d micromere using live imaging in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii

    B Duygu Özpolat et al.
    Lineage tracing at single-cell resolution reveals the presence of mesoteloblasts, the embryonic origin of mesodermal growth zone cells, and diverse cell cycling patterns of these lineages in the 'Polychaete' annelid Platynereis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Distinct SoxB1 networks are required for naïve and primed pluripotency

    Andrea Corsinotti et al.
    Genetic manipulations show that endogenous transcription factors of the SoxB1 class act redundantly to maintain primed pluripotency and reveal differential effects on transitions between pluripotent and differentiation states.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.

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