382 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An ER translocon for multi-pass membrane protein biogenesis

    Philip T McGilvray et al.
    A set of ER-localized membrane proteins whose loss causes developmental diseases in humans, assemble with Sec61 into a translocon that facilitates the biogenesis of hundreds of different multi-pass membrane proteins.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The final step of 40S ribosomal subunit maturation is controlled by a dual key lock

    Laura Plassart et al.
    Cryo-EM and functional studies reveal how combined action of proteins RPS26/eS26 and RIO1 allows late precursors to the human small ribosomal particle to be matured into fully translation-competent 40S subunits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteotoxicity from aberrant ribosome biogenesis compromises cell fitness

    Blake W Tye et al.
    Rapidly proliferating cells are at risk of compromised cell fitness due to proteostasis collapse from perturbations that interfere with ribosome biogenesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ribosome biogenesis restricts innate immune responses to virus infection and DNA

    Christopher Bianco, Ian Mohr
    Ribosome production is unexpectedly integrated into innate cell-intrinsic responses that regulate double strand DNA-sensing and inflammatory cytokine induction in infected and uninfected cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    The ER membrane protein complex interacts cotranslationally to enable biogenesis of multipass membrane proteins

    Matthew J Shurtleff et al.
    The ER membrane protein complex promotes the biogenesis of a subset multipass membrane proteins enriched for transporters and other proteins with destabilizing features in transmembrane domains.
    1. Cell Biology

    USP16 counteracts mono-ubiquitination of RPS27a and promotes maturation of the 40S ribosomal subunit

    Christian Montellese et al.
    The deubiquitinase USP16 is associated with cytoplasmic precursors of 40S ribosomal subunits and promotes their final maturation by removal of trans-monoubiquitin from RPS27a.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Increased longevity due to sexual activity in mole-rats is associated with transcriptional changes in the HPA stress axis

    Arne Sahm et al.
    The fact that sexual activity/reproduction doubles the lifespan of certain rodent species is most likely linked to critical changes in the regulation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal stress axis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Downregulation of ribosome biogenesis during early forebrain development

    Kevin F Chau et al.
    Unbiased transcriptome analyses reveal that neural progenitor cells downregulate protein biosynthetic machinery during early forebrain development, and this fundamental process matches proteomic changes in the adjacent cerebrospinal fluid and is regulated in part by MYC.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nucleophosmin integrates within the nucleolus via multi-modal interactions with proteins displaying R-rich linear motifs and rRNA

    Diana M Mitrea et al.
    Nucleolar protein localization involves the phase separation within the nucleolar matrix via three types of multivalent features: acidic tracts, nucleic acid binding domains and arginine-rich low complexity sequences.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and mechanistic basis of the EMC-dependent biogenesis of distinct transmembrane clients

    Lakshmi E Miller-Vedam et al.
    Structure-function characterization of the EMC's cytoplasmic, transmembrane, and lumenal domains reveal features critical for terminal helix insertion and a specialized role for the lumenal domain in polytopic membrane protein biogenesis.

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