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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A genome-to-genome analysis of associations between human genetic variation, HIV-1 sequence diversity, and viral control

    István Bartha et al.
    An innovative strategy in genome analysis has generated a detailed description of how pathogens mutate when facing human genetic diversity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inter-individual differences in human brain structure and morphology link to variation in demographics and behavior

    Alberto Llera et al.
    Multi-modal structural data fusion questions the specificity of fMRI-behavior associations by providing strong evidence relating human brain structure to a wide range of behavioral measures previously associated to functional connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell and single-nucleus RNA-seq uncovers shared and distinct axes of variation in dorsal LGN neurons in mice, non-human primates, and humans

    Trygve E Bakken et al.
    Transcriptomic differences between relay neurons in the mature mammalian dLGN are subtle relative to striking differences in morphology and cortical projection targets.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional connectivity in human auditory networks and the origins of variation in the transmission of musical systems

    Massimo Lumaca et al.
    Resting-state functional connectivity between core regions of fronto-temporal auditory networks can distinguish music transmitters from innovators.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Gene expression variability in human and chimpanzee populations share common determinants

    Benjamin Jung Fair et al.
    Similar evolutionary pressures on gene expression between human and chimpanzee populations contribute to the observation that inter-individual gene expression variability is similar across genes in these species.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Association mapping from sequencing reads using k-mers

    Atif Rahman et al.
    Associations can be mapped using k-mer frequencies in sequencing reads without prior sequencing of a reference genome enabling detection of associations to variants of multiple types and outside of the reference.
    1. Neuroscience

    The genetic organization of longitudinal subcortical volumetric change is stable throughout the lifespan

    Anders Martin Fjell et al.
    Volumetric lifespan change in subcortical structures follows fundamental principles of brain development, lifespan continuity, genetic organization, and age-invariant relationships to cognition.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Natural variation in C. elegans arsenic toxicity is explained by differences in branched chain amino acid metabolism

    Stefan Zdraljevic et al.
    Quantitative genetics approaches using Caenorhabditis elegans facilitate the discovery of a novel arsenic toxicity mechanism.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Thousands of novel translated open reading frames in humans inferred by ribosome footprint profiling

    Anil Raj et al.
    Over 7,000 novel translated sequences have been identified from human cells, including several hundred in annotated noncoding RNA, pseudogenes and de novo assembled transcripts.