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    1. Neuroscience

    Human pyramidal to interneuron synapses are mediated by multi-vesicular release and multiple docked vesicles

    Gábor Molnár et al.
    The compactness of synaptic release sites coupled with their four-fold number in humans compared to rats provides unprecedented scaleability in operation of human synapses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Minimized human telomerase maintains telomeres and resolves endogenous roles of H/ACA proteins, TCAB1, and Cajal bodies

    Jacob M Vogan et al.
    The Cajal body chaperone TCAB1 and scaffold protein Coilin are not required for telomerase activity in human cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical TAF complexes regulate active promoters in human embryonic stem cells

    Glenn A Maston et al.
    The transcription machinery used to regulate gene expression and self-renewal in human embryonic stem cells is different from that found in other cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The Ca2+-activated K+ current of human sperm is mediated by Slo3

    Christoph Brenker et al.
    The principal potassium ion channel in human sperm, Slo3, is primarily activated by calcium ions and controls the membrane potential of human sperm by intracellular calcium ion levels rather than intracellular pH.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    An integrative transcriptomic atlas of organogenesis in human embryos

    Dave T Gerrard et al.
    Integrating human embryonic transcriptomes from 15 sites during organogenesis identifies novel expression signatures linked to congenital disorders and a new programme of non-coding gene expression.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptomic analyses reveal rhythmic and CLOCK-driven pathways in human skeletal muscle

    Laurent Perrin et al.
    Rhythmic transcriptome analyses of human skeletal muscle tissue and cultured primary myotubes reveal an essential role for the circadian coordination of glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism in human skeletal muscle.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integration of human pancreatic islet genomic data refines regulatory mechanisms at Type 2 Diabetes susceptibility loci

    Matthias Thurner et al.
    Human pancreatic islet high-resolution chromatin state maps generated from DNA methylation, open chromatin and ChIP-seq mark data facilitate the characterisation of regulatory mechanisms at type 2 diabetes genome-wide association study loci.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid evolution of the human mutation spectrum

    Kelley Harris, Jonathan K Pritchard
    Heritable mutations tend to occur within different DNA sequence contexts in different human populations, suggesting that DNA replication and repair often change in efficacy over only a few hundred generations of evolution.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Hidden shift of the ionome of plants exposed to elevated CO2 depletes minerals at the base of human nutrition

    Irakli Loladze
    Increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide reduce the mineral content but increase the levels of starch and sugars found in crop plants; which could exacerbate both obesity and malnutrition in some human populations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution and cell-type specificity of human-specific genes preferentially expressed in progenitors of fetal neocortex

    Marta Florio et al.
    Transcriptomic and genomic analysis provides a resource of 50 primate-specific genes preferentially expressed in neural progenitors of fetal human neocortex, 15 of which are specific to humans.