4,518 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution and cell-type specificity of human-specific genes preferentially expressed in progenitors of fetal neocortex

    Marta Florio et al.
    Transcriptomic and genomic analysis provides a resource of 50 primate-specific genes preferentially expressed in neural progenitors of fetal human neocortex, 15 of which are specific to humans.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Global reorganisation of cis-regulatory units upon lineage commitment of human embryonic stem cells

    Paula Freire-Pritchett et al.
    Promoter interactome maps in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and ESC-derived early neuroectodermal progenitors link distal enhancers to putative target genes, reveal lineage-specific cis-regulatory architecture and shed light on the logic of gene regulation by multiple enhancers.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Human-specific ARHGAP11B induces hallmarks of neocortical expansion in developing ferret neocortex

    Nereo Kalebic et al.
    Expression of human-specific gene ARHGAP11B in the developing ferret neocortex leads to an increase in abundance of neural progenitor cells, which results in neocortex expansion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A map of human PRDM9 binding provides evidence for novel behaviors of PRDM9 and other zinc-finger proteins in meiosis

    Nicolas Altemose et al.
    In humans, specific sequence features can predict whether meiotic recombination occurs at sites bound by the protein PRDM9, whose DNA-binding zinc-finger domain can unexpectedly bind to gene promoters and to other copies of PRDM9.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tunable protein synthesis by transcript isoforms in human cells

    Stephen N Floor, Jennifer A Doudna
    Measurements of transcript isoform specific translation across the human genome reveal that isoforms from the same gene can differ in protein production by two orders of magnitude.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A proteomic chronology of gene expression through the cell cycle in human myeloid leukemia cells

    Tony Ly et al.
    Quantitative analysis of protein and mRNA expression across a minimally perturbed cell cycle in human myeloid cells has identified myeloid-specific and cell cycle-regulated gene expression, including examples of isoform- and phosphorylation-specific regulation, with all data made available in a searchable, online database.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Transcription: Overcoming chromatin barriers

    Babette E de Jong, John van Noort
    Single-molecule experiments reveal the dynamics of transcription through a nucleosome with single-base-pair accuracy.
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  1. Point of View: Four erroneous beliefs thwarting more trustworthy research

    Mark Yarborough et al.
    Strategies to improve public trust in biomedical research are being hindered by a scientific mindset that stifles interest in reform.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Mosquitos: The taste of water

    W Daniel Tracey
    Female mosquitos require a specific ion-channel protein to sense the presence of fresh water in which they can lay their eggs.
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