43 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    A mechanistic model and therapeutic interventions for COVID-19 involving a RAS-mediated bradykinin storm

    Michael R Garvin et al.
    Gene expression analysis reveals a novel, integrated molecular mechanism for much of the pathogenesis of COVID-19 that provides therapeutic intervention points that can be addressed with existing approved pharmaceuticals.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E harnesses hyaluronan production to drive its malignant activity

    Hiba Ahmad Zahreddine et al.
    The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E induces hyaluronic acid (HA) synthesis to drive cancer metastasis which can be reversed following eIF4E inhibition and HA degradation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light reintroduction after dark exposure reactivates plasticity in adults via perisynaptic activation of MMP-9

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure reactivates structural and functional plasticity in the adult mouse visual cortex by increasing the activity of MMP-9 at thalamo-cortical synapses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Key steps in unconventional secretion of fibroblast growth factor 2 reconstituted with purified components

    Julia P Steringer et al.
    The first reconstitution of an unconventional secretory mechanism uncovered the molecular mechanism by which Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 is secreted from mammalian cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Regulation of life span by the gut microbiota in the short-lived African turquoise killifish

    Patrick Smith et al.
    Resetting a young gut microbiota in middle-aged individuals extends life span and slows aging in the naturally short-lived turquoise killifish, a new vertebrate model organism to study how the microbiota affects the aging process.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Systemic hypoxia inhibits T cell response by limiting mitobiogenesis via matrix substrate-level phosphorylation arrest

    Amijai Saragovi et al.
    Systemic hypoxia model reveals the detrimental effect of hypoxia on mitochondrial biogenesis in activated T-cells and points at a new approach for improving viral resistance in patients with respiratory diseases.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    A new genetic strategy for targeting microglia in development and disease

    Gabriel L McKinsey et al.
    P2ry12-CreER robustly and specifically labels microglia in fate-mapping and ribosomal profiling experiments, revealing new markers for myeloid subpopulations in the central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical basis and physiological role of cerebrospinal fluid transport through the murine cribriform plate

    Jordan N Norwood et al.
    Chemical ablation of olfactory sensory neurons blocks cerebrospinal fluid outflow into the nasal epithelium, leading to alterations of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics.

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