1,130 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Caenorhabditis elegans processes sensory information to choose between freeloading and self-defense strategies

    Jodie A Schiffer et al.
    C. elegans nematodes use a sensory-neuronal circuit to determine whether to defend themselves from hydrogen peroxide attack or to freeload off orthologous protective defenses from bacteria in their surrounding environment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Anti-ferroptotic mechanism of IL4i1-mediated amino acid metabolism

    Leonie Zeitler et al.
    IL4i1 is an amino acid oxidase expressed in the mammalian immune system and snake venoms, which control diametrically opposite cell protection versus cell death pathways, respectively.
    1. Cell Biology

    The peroxisome counteracts oxidative stresses by suppressing catalase import via Pex14 phosphorylation

    Kanji Okumoto et al.
    H2O2-induced phosphorylation at Ser232 of Pex14 spatiotemporally regulates peroxisomal import of catalase, functioning in counteracting action against oxidative stress by the increase of cytosolic catalase.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Proteomics reveals synergy between biomass degrading enzymes and inorganic Fenton chemistry in leaf-cutting ant colonies

    Morten Schiøtt, Jacobus J Boomsma
    Leaf-cutting ants use their fecal fluid to vector enzymes produced by their fungal symbiont to degrade plant biomass with a combination of degradation enzymes and Fenton chemistry.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gene network analysis identifies a central post-transcriptional regulator of cellular stress survival

    Matthew Tien et al.
    A gene network analysis approach reveals a conserved small regulatory RNA that is crucial for bacterial cell survival across distinct stress conditions.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Development of Bag-1L as a therapeutic target in androgen receptor-dependent prostate cancer

    Laura Cato et al.
    Targeting the activation of the androgen receptor N-terminal domain by the cochaperone Bag-1L provides a new approach for inhibiting androgen receptor function to treat prostate cancer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Interplay of disordered and ordered regions of a human small heat shock protein yields an ensemble of ‘quasi-ordered’ states

    Amanda F Clouser et al.
    Multiple iso-energetic-specific interactions involving the intrinsically-disordered region of sHSP HSPB1 define a quasi-ordered state, providing insights into inherited disease-associated mutations within the region that are thought to be disordered.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for potent and broad inhibition of HIV-1 RT by thiophene[3,2-d]pyrimidine non-nucleoside inhibitors

    Yang Yang et al.
    High-resolution structures of HIV-1 RT in complex with two newly developed non-nucleoside inhibitors explain how they retain antiviral activities against drug-resistant RT mutants with considerably reduced susceptibility to rilpivirine.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic transcription factor expression in mice predicts medial amygdala neuronal identity and sex-specific responses to innate behavioral cues

    Julieta E Lischinsky et al.
    Studying the development of the medial amygdala in the mouse reveals how the brain may potentially process sex differences in innate behaviors such as mating.

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