239 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Universal and taxon-specific trends in protein sequences as a function of age

    Jennifer E James et al.
    Ancient protein domains remain shaped by amino acid availability during early life, while young animal proteins are shaped by a need for high intrinsic structural disorder.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mutational scanning reveals the determinants of protein insertion and association energetics in the plasma membrane

    Assaf Elazar et al.
    Deep sequencing analysis quantifies the hydrophobicity of the plasma membrane and provides restraints for structure modeling of receptor homodimers to atomic precision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Identifying molecular features that are associated with biological function of intrinsically disordered protein regions

    Taraneh Zarin et al.
    A statistical model systematically associates functions of intrinsically disordered regions with sequence-distributed molecular features such as charge, residue composition, or repeat content.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A unifying mechanism for the biogenesis of membrane proteins co-operatively integrated by the Sec and Tat pathways

    Fiona J Tooke et al.
    Bioinformatics and experimental approaches identify families of membrane proteins requiring the co-ordinated action of the Sec pathway and Tat pathways for their integration and define features of the polypeptides that mediate interaction with these pathways.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The hydrophobic nature of a novel membrane interface regulates the enzyme activity of a voltage-sensing phosphatase

    Akira Kawanabe et al.
    Electrophysiological and fluorometric studies of Ci-VSP expressed in Xenopus oocyte revealed two states of the enzyme region with distinct enzyme activity and distinct coupling to the voltage sensor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulation of multispanning membrane protein topology via post-translational annealing

    Reid C Van Lehn et al.
    Coarse-grained modeling reveals a new mechanism for multispanning membrane protein topogenesis, in which misintegrated configurations of the proteins undergo post-translational annealing to reach final, fully integrated multispanning topologies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Post-tetanic potentiation lowers the energy barrier for synaptic vesicle fusion independently of Synaptotagmin-1

    Vincent Huson et al.
    Modulation of the energy barrier for membrane fusion is a common mechanism by which sensors in the synapse produce supralinear calcium dependence of vesicle release and short-term synaptic potentiation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The liquid structure of elastin

    Sarah Rauscher, Régis Pomès
    Molecular simulations show how hydrophobicity and conformational disorder underlie the phase separation of elastin-like peptides and the elasticity of human tissues.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional properties of CALHM channels of the human placenta

    Katarzyna Drożdżyk et al.
    Members of the calcium homeostasis modulator family expressed in the placenta form large channels with unknown activation properties that harbor a lipid bilayer on the inside of a cylindrical pore.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Regulating G protein-coupled receptors by topological inversion

    Bray Denard et al.
    Multiple biochemical assays show that the topology of CCR5 and possibly other GPCRs may be inverted by ceramide or other sphingolipids through the process of regulated alternative translocation.

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