34 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The vacuolar-ATPase complex and assembly factors, TMEM199 and CCDC115, control HIF1α prolyl hydroxylation by regulating cellular iron levels

    Anna L Miles et al.
    An unbiased genome-wide human forward genetic screen identifies the vacuolar ATPase complex and assembly factors as regulators of HIF stability through their actions on intracellular iron metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Prolyl dihydroxylation of unassembled uS12/Rps23 regulates fungal hypoxic adaptation

    Sara J Clasen et al.
    The protein uS12/Rps23 functions extra-ribosomally to control oxygen homeostasis in fission yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lack of activity of recombinant HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) on reported non-HIF substrates

    Matthew E Cockman et al.
    Assays using recombinant HIF prolyl hydroxylases did not support hydroxylation of more than 20 reported non-HIF substrates under conditions where robust HIF hydroxylation was observed.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Oxygen Sensors: When is a target not a target?

    David C Bersten, Daniel J Peet
    Cells rely on prolyl hydroxylase enzymes to sense low levels of oxygen, but they might act on fewer targets than previously thought.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Neuroscience

    PARIS, an optogenetic method for functionally mapping gap junctions

    Ling Wu et al.
    As the first fully genetically encoded method, PARIS allows cell-specific, long-term, repeated measurements of gap junctional coupling with high spatiotemporal resolution, facilitating its study in both health and disease.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rhodoquinone biosynthesis in C. elegans requires precursors generated by the kynurenine pathway

    Samantha Del Borrello et al.
    Parasitic helminths infect over a billion humans and use unusual anaerobic metabolism that needs a rare electron carrier, Rhodoquinone (RQ), whose synthesis requires the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan degradation.

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