57 results found
    1. Medicine

    Postnatal mechanical loading drives adaptation of tissues primarily through modulation of the non-collagenous matrix

    Danae E Zamboulis et al.
    Phase-specific mechanical and proteomic analyses reveal how tendon responds to its mechanical environment during postnatal development to meet functional requirements.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    ARID1A loss in adult hepatocytes activates β-catenin-mediated erythropoietin transcription

    Rozenn Riou et al.
    A chromatin remodeling factor cooperates with Wnt signaling pathway to transcribe erythropoietin in the adult liver, inducing its secretion and a dramatic erythropoiesis in the spleen.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rhodoquinone biosynthesis in C. elegans requires precursors generated by the kynurenine pathway

    Samantha Del Borrello et al.
    Parasitic helminths infect over a billion humans and use unusual anaerobic metabolism that needs a rare electron carrier, Rhodoquinone (RQ), whose synthesis requires the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lipid polarity gradient formed by ω-hydroxy lipids in tear film prevents dry eye disease

    Masatoshi Miyamoto et al.
    (O-Acyl)-ω-hydroxy fatty acids and their derivatives, produced by the fatty acid ω-hydroxylase Cyp4f39, form a lipid polarity gradient in the lipid layer of the tear film and prevent dry eye.
    1. Neuroscience

    PARIS, an optogenetic method for functionally mapping gap junctions

    Ling Wu et al.
    As the first fully genetically encoded method, PARIS allows cell-specific, long-term, repeated measurements of gap junctional coupling with high spatiotemporal resolution, facilitating its study in both health and disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.

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