76 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neurons and cerebral organoids vs isogenic controls

    Swagata Ghatak et al.
    Increased excitation and decreased inhibition associated with abnormal neuronal morphology, aberrant ion channel properties, and synaptic dysfunction contribute to hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neuronal cultures and cerebral organoids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early intrinsic hyperexcitability does not contribute to motoneuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Félix Leroy et al.
    Contrary to a long-standing hypothesis, the neuronal death that leads to muscle wastage in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis does not result from overactivity of those neurons during development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s disease risk gene BIN1 induces Tau-dependent network hyperexcitability

    Yuliya Voskobiynyk et al.
    BIN1 forms a complex with Tau and voltage-gated calcium channels in neurons, and higher BIN1 levels promote neuronal activity, calcium influx, and bursting that is blocked by reducing Tau.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal hyperexcitability is a DLK-dependent trigger of herpes simplex virus reactivation that can be induced by IL-1

    Sean R Cuddy et al.
    Herpes simplex virus reactivates from a latent infection when neurons become hyperexcitable in response to an inflammatory cytokine known to be released during fever and stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypoexcitability precedes denervation in the large fast-contracting motor units in two unrelated mouse models of ALS

    María de Lourdes Martínez-Silva et al.
    The most vulnerable motor units lose a fundamental firing property before the denervation of their muscle fibers in ALS mice, changing our view of the role of excitability in neurodegeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered potassium channel distribution and composition in myelinated axons suppresses hyperexcitability following injury

    Margarita Calvo et al.
    Type 1 potassium channels alter their composition and localisation to suppress hyper-excitability and neuropathic pain of injured sensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noise-induced plasticity of KCNQ2/3 and HCN channels underlies vulnerability and resilience to tinnitus

    Shuang Li et al.
    Mice that successfully avoid developing tinnitus despite exposure to excessive noise show spontaneous recovery of KCNQ2/3 potassium channel activity associated with a reduction in HCN channel activity in auditory brainstem neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paradoxical network excitation by glutamate release from VGluT3+ GABAergic interneurons

    Kenneth A Pelkey et al.
    Glutamate cotransmission from a subset of cortical GABAergic interneurons can promote network hyperexcitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Marking the differences in motoneurons

    Simon A Sharples, Patrick J Whelan
    A subgroup of the neurons that control muscles becomes less excitable shortly before the symptoms of ALS develop.
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