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    1. Medicine

    Identification of drug modifiers for RYR1-related myopathy using a multi-species discovery pipeline

    Jonathan R Volpatti et al.
    A multi-species chemical screening platform reveals a conserved role for p38 inhibition in modulating ryanodine receptor-related phenotypes and is adaptable to a range of neuromuscular disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical excitability controls the strength of mental imagery

    Rebecca Keogh et al.
    Visual and prefrontal cortex excitability predict individual differences in visual imagery strength, and modulating excitability in these cortical regions causally alters the strength of visual imagery.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Partial loss of CFIm25 causes learning deficits and aberrant neuronal alternative polyadenylation

    Callison E Alcott et al.
    Partial reduction of CFIm25 protein levels leads to misregulated alternative polyadenylation in neurons and learning deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stxbp1/Munc18-1 haploinsufficiency impairs inhibition and mediates key neurological features of STXBP1 encephalopathy

    Wu Chen et al.
    Two genetically distinct Stxbp1 haploinsufficiency mouse models exhibit seizures and impairments in cognitive, psychiatric, and motor functions, representing robust preclinical models of STXBP1 encephalopathy with both construct and face validity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paradoxical network excitation by glutamate release from VGluT3+ GABAergic interneurons

    Kenneth A Pelkey et al.
    Glutamate cotransmission from a subset of cortical GABAergic interneurons can promote network hyperexcitability.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-type-specific regulation of neuronal intrinsic excitability by macroautophagy

    Ori J Lieberman et al.
    In addition to its classic role in synaptic function and plasticity, macroautophagy regulates neuronal intrinsic excitability via degradation of acetylated Kir2 channels to control neurotransmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neurons and cerebral organoids vs isogenic controls

    Swagata Ghatak et al.
    Increased excitation and decreased inhibition associated with abnormal neuronal morphology, aberrant ion channel properties, and synaptic dysfunction contribute to hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neuronal cultures and cerebral organoids.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Multifaceted roles of microRNAs: From motor neuron generation in embryos to degeneration in spinal muscular atrophy

    Tai-Heng Chen, Jun-An Chen
    Summary review of microRNA roles during motor neuron generation and degeneration.