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657 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust and distributed neural representation of action values

    Eun Ju Shin et al.
    Action-value signals previously found in many brain areas can be accounted for neither by concurrent serial correlations in neural activity and action value nor by signals for other decision variables.
    1. Neuroscience

    fMRI-based detection of alertness predicts behavioral response variability

    Sarah E Goodale et al.
    Time-varying states of alertness that shape behavioral responses may be detected from fMRI signal patterns.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    TRex, a fast multi-animal tracking system with markerless identification, and 2D estimation of posture and visual fields

    Tristan Walter, Iain D Couzin
    Being fast, memory efficient, easy to use, and with powerful integrated tools, TRex will lower barriers of entry into, and enable more ambitious approaches to, the quantitative study of behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Right inferior frontal gyrus implements motor inhibitory control via beta-band oscillations in humans

    Michael Schaum et al.
    Response inhibition is initiated by the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG), and stopping performance is predicted by beta-band power as well as beta-band connectivity between rIFG and pre-supplementary motor area.
    1. Neuroscience

    An expanding manifold in transmodal regions characterizes adolescent reconfiguration of structural connectome organization

    Bo-yong Park et al.
    Manifold learning of longitudinal brain network data provides novel insights into adolescent structural connectome maturation, and how multiple scales of cortical and subcortical organization interact in typical neurodevelopment.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantifying noxious-evoked baseline sensitivity in neonates to optimise analgesic trials

    Maria M Cobo et al.
    Measuring individual differences in noxious-evoked baseline sensitivity in neonates can substantially reduce sample sizes required in neonatal analgesic trials.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Bacterial–fungal interactions in the neonatal gut influence asthma outcomes later in life

    Rozlyn CT Boutin et al.
    Overgrowth of the yeast Pichia kudriavzevii within the neonatal gut microbiota increases allergic airway disease severity later in life and may be inhibited by short-chain fatty acids.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Probing the decision-making mechanisms underlying choice between drug and nondrug rewards in rats

    Youna Vandaele et al.
    In a drug choice setting, rats’ preference is initially driven by deliberative processes but shifts to more automatic selection processes after extended training, in accordance with the sequential choice model.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Longitudinal proteomic profiling of dialysis patients with COVID-19 reveals markers of severity and predictors of death

    Jack Gisby et al.
    Severe COVID-19 is characterised by a plasma proteomic biomarker signature, indicating innate immune activation, leucocyte–endothelial interactions, and epithelial injury.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Whole-organism eQTL mapping at cellular resolution with single-cell sequencing

    Eyal Ben-David et al.
    The effect of genetic variation on gene expression can be specific down to the level of individual cells.

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