215 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dwarf open reading frame (DWORF) is a direct activator of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump SERCA

    M'Lynn E Fisher et al.
    Activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump and enhancement of cellular calcium homeostasis by dwarf open reading frame reveal how this small membrane protein opposes phospholamban inhibitory function in cardiac muscle.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Random sub-diffusion and capture of genes by the nuclear pore reduces dynamics and coordinates inter-chromosomal movement

    Michael Chas Sumner et al.
    Measuring and simulating chromatin dynamics reveals that repositioning of genes to the nuclear pore is neither active nor vectorial, but reduces sub-diffusion and coordinates movement between loci on different chromosomes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric conformational ensembles have unlimited capacity for integrating information

    John W Biddle et al.
    The effective higher-order binding cooperativities arising from an ensemble of dynamically interchanging conformations are identified and shown to fully describe integration of binding information at thermodynamic equilibrium.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clustered functional domains for curves and corners in cortical area V4

    Rundong Jiang et al.
    Curves and corners are separately encoded by neurons clustered into functional domains in macaque V4.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin-expressing parafacial neurons are CO2/H+ sensitive and regulate baseline breathing

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Cellular and chemogenetic approaches identify a novel mode of chemotransduction involving regulation of basal breathing by CO2/H+-dependent disinhibition.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Inflammation rapidly recruits mammalian GMP and MDP from bone marrow into regional lymphatics

    Juana Serrano-Lopez et al.
    Endotoxemia recruits fast-acting anti-inflammatory innate myeloid progenitors from bone marrow into regional lymphatics through release of pre-formed Ccl19 secondary to NF-κB-independent, Traf6/IκB kinase-dependent signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits modulate Cav2.3-mediated release from medial habenula terminals

    Pradeep Bhandari et al.
    The direct interaction of R-type Ca2+ channel Cav2.3 and GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits in the active zone of medial habenula terminals scales synaptic strength independent of GABAB receptor activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The role of sigma 1 receptor in organization of endoplasmic reticulum signaling microdomains

    Vladimir Zhemkov et al.
    Signaling function of sigma 1 receptor is related to its ability to organize cholesterol-enriched microdomains in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust and distributed neural representation of action values

    Eun Ju Shin et al.
    Action-value signals previously found in many brain areas can be accounted for neither by concurrent serial correlations in neural activity and action value nor by signals for other decision variables.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    eNOS-induced vascular barrier disruption in retinopathy by c-Src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-cadherin

    Takeshi Ninchoji et al.
    Vascular leakage from pathological vessels in retinopathy aggravates the disease, but endothelial junction stability and barrier integrity can be restored by blocking formation of nitric oxide.

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