310 results found
  1. October 2015

    Episode 24: October 2015

    In this episode we hear about Parkinson's Disease, depression, chickenpox, bats, beetles, and how small prey can escape larger predators.
  2. December 2013

    Episode 7: December 2013

    In this episode we hear about drug resistance, severe brain damage, sugar versus sweetener, public goods dilemmas, and the evolution of the machinary that makes proteins in cells.
  3. January 2015

    Episode 17: January 2015

    In this episode we hear about controlling sperm by optogenetics, hibernation, body clocks, enzyme structure, and a way to overcome stress-induced infertility.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterogeneous somatostatin-expressing neuron population in mouse ventral tegmental area

    Elina Nagaeva et al.
    The midbrain area for salience, reward and aversion in mouse brain harbours among the dopamine cells three subtypes somatostatin-expressing neurons that show combinatorial neurotransmitter phenotypes and interneuron properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular and neurochemical basis of sleep stages in the thalamocortical network

    Giri P Krishnan et al.
    A computational model of the thalamocortical network explains sleep stages by the coordinated variations in the level of neuromodulators and predicts differences of sleep pattern in human, cat and mouse recordings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala neural activity reflects spatial attention towards stimuli promising reward or threatening punishment

    Christopher J Peck, C Daniel Salzman
    Primate amygdala neurons provide a coordinated representation of space and motivational significance whereby amygdala responses to visual stimuli predicting either rewards or aversive stimuli could influence spatial attention in a similar manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    One bout of neonatal inflammation impairs adult respiratory motor plasticity in male and female rats

    Austin D Hocker et al.
    A single neonatal inflammatory event induces long-term impairments in two forms of adult respiratory motor plasticity, an important aspect of the control of breathing for compensation after injury or disease.

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