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    1. Neuroscience

    A bidirectional network for appetite control in larval zebrafish

    Caroline Lei Wee et al.
    Brain imaging and behavioral analysis reveal two opposing states of hunger, represented by anti-correlated lateral and caudal hypothalamic dynamics that are important for the homeostatic control of feeding in zebrafish.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multifaceted secretion of htNSC-derived hypothalamic islets induces survival and antidiabetic effect via peripheral implantation in mice

    Yizhe Tang et al.
    A subpopulation of multi-secretory hypothalamic stem cells was developed to form 3D spheres for peripheral application against mortality and symptom of a severe diabetes model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurosecretory protein GL stimulates food intake, de novo lipogenesis, and onset of obesity

    Eiko Iwakoshi-Ukena et al.
    Neurosecretory protein GL, a previously unknown mammalian neuropeptide, is a novel hypothalamic factor which regulates feeding behavior and peripheral lipogenesis in animals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Involvement of the Acyl-CoA binding domain containing 7 in the control of food intake and energy expenditure in mice

    Damien Lanfray et al.
    The Acyl-CoA binding domain-containing 7 (Acbd7) gene is expressed in the hypothalamus, encodes a peptide that suppresses appetite, increases metabolic rate and interacts with the leptin-melanocortin system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNA binding protein Caprin-2 is a pivotal regulator of the central osmotic defense response

    Agnieszka Konopacka et al.
    Caprin-2 is up-regulated in the rat hypothalamus by osmotic stress and controls vital homeostatic osmoregulatory mechanisms by altering the length of the poly(A) tail on arginine vasopressin mRNAs.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Deciphering the neural signature of human cardiovascular regulation

    Jorge Manuel et al.
    At least three hypothalamic subsystems are involved in cardiovascular regulation in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin receptor neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus regulate diurnal patterns of feeding, locomotion, and metabolism

    Chelsea L Faber et al.
    Synchronized feeding and metabolic patterns with environmental light–dark cycles is critical to maintain energy homeostasis and requires the activity of leptin-receptor neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Knockdown of hypothalamic RFRP3 prevents chronic stress-induced infertility and embryo resorption

    Anna C Geraghty et al.
    A chronic stressor prior to mating has lasting negative consequences on the fertility and fecundity of female rats, which can be prevented by blocking a single hypothalamic reproductive inhibitory hormone.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Leptin suppresses development of GLP-1 inputs to the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus

    Jessica E Biddinger et al.
    Leptin acts cell autonomously on brainstem neurons that express GLP-1 to suppress development of excitatory viscerosensory inputs to the hypothalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parabrachial opioidergic projections to preoptic hypothalamus mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses

    Aaron J Norris et al.
    Warm-activated parabrachial neurons contain overlapping dynorphin and enkephalin expressing subpopulations, project to preoptic hypothalamus, and mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses behaviors.