4,764 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered hippocampal-prefrontal communication during anxiety-related avoidance in mice deficient for the autism-associated gene Pogz

    Margaret M Cunniff et al.
    In POGZ heterozygous mice, reduced anxiety-related avoidance is associated with decreased feedforward inhibition and theta synchrony in the hippocampal-prefrontal pathway.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A sulfur-aromatic gate latch is essential for opening of the Orai1 channel pore

    Priscilla S-W Yeung et al.
    Electrophysiological and molecular modeling studies identify a sulfur-aromatic interaction between the hydrophobic channel gate and a nearby methionine residue, termed the "gate latch", which is essential for Orai1 pore opening.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Photosynthetic sea slugs induce protective changes to the light reactions of the chloroplasts they steal from algae

    Vesa Havurinne, Esa Tyystjärvi
    Slug chloroplasts avoid damage to photosynthesis by maintaining an oxidized electron transfer chain with the help of oxygen-sensitive electron acceptors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Asymmetric neurogenic commitment of retinal progenitors involves Notch through the endocytic pathway

    Elisa Nerli et al.
    A quantitative live imaging approach unveils that earliest neurogenic progenitors in the vertebrate retina arise from asymmetric divisions and that this asymmetry involves Notch signalling through the endocytic pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social dominance mediates behavioral adaptation to chronic stress in a sex-specific manner

    Stoyo Karamihalev et al.
    Social dominance has opposing effects on behavior following stress in male vs. female mice indicating an important role in sex differences in the stress response.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Drosophila hedgehog can act as a morphogen in the absence of regulated Ci processing

    Jamie C Little et al.
    Hedgehog acts as a morphogen by regulating proteolytic processing and activation of full-length Ci/Gli transcriptional effectors but can pattern Drosophila wing discs normally in the absence of regulated proteolytic processing.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells mediate protective host responses in sepsis

    Shubhanshi Trivedi et al.
    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, highly activated and dysfunctional in sepsis patients, contribute to tissue-specific cytokine responses that are protective against mortality during experimental sepsis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Alpha-satellite RNA transcripts are repressed by centromere–nucleolus associations

    Leah Bury et al.
    Single molecule FISH analysis defines the behavior of centromere-derived alpha-satellite transcripts in intact human cells and reveals a critical role for centromere-nucleolar contacts in repressing alpha-satellite transcription.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LRRC8A is essential for hypotonicity-, but not for DAMP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation

    Jack P Green et al.
    Depletion of LRRC8A provides genetic evidence for the importance of Cl- channels in NLRP3 activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Defective memory engram reactivation underlies impaired fear memory recall in Fragile X syndrome

    Jie Li et al.
    Activity-dependent genetic labeling during behavioral learning shows Fragile-X syndrome model mice exhibit impaired hippocampal engram reactivation, and that enriched environment experience improves fear memory retrieval by enhancing engram reactivation efficacy.

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