185 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-inducible factor cell non-autonomously regulates C. elegans stress responses and behavior via a nuclear receptor

    Corinne L Pender, H Robert Horvitz
    The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF drives transcription of the gene cyp-36A1, which encodes a cytochrome P450 enzyme that acts via a putative intercellular signal to regulate the nuclear receptor NHR-46 and consequently stress resistance and behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Hypoxic mitophagy regulates mitochondrial quality and platelet activation and determines severity of I/R heart injury

    Weilin Zhang et al.
    Mitophagy regulates mitochondrial quality and mediates extensive mitochondrial degradation in (patho-)physiological settings and is one of the key components of hypoxic preconditioning which protects the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localized hypoxia within the subgranular zone determines the early survival of newborn hippocampal granule cells

    Christina Chatzi et al.
    Neural progenitors reside in relative low oxygen in the subgranular zone (SGZ), and the higher tissue oxygen levels that these cells must face as they migrate away from the hypoxic areas and differentiate appear to cause oxidative damage and an early phase of cell death.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-induced metabolic stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells is sufficient to induce photoreceptor degeneration

    Toshihide Kurihara et al.
    Mouse models in which hypoxia can be genetically triggered in retinal pigmented epithelial cells show that hypoxia-induced metabolic stress alone can lead to photoreceptor atrophy/dysfunction.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Loss of Atoh1 from neurons regulating hypoxic and hypercapnic chemoresponses causes neonatal respiratory failure in mice

    Meike E van der Heijden, Huda Y Zoghbi
    Atoh1 promotes the development of two different neural circuits involved in hypoxic and hypercapnic respiratory responses that together are essential for neonatal respiratory drive and survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Inhibition of intracellular lipolysis promotes human cancer cell adaptation to hypoxia

    Xiaodong Zhang et al.
    The survival and growth of solid tumor cells in hypoxia is dependent on fatty acid storage in triglyceride lipid droplets promoted by HIG2.
    1. Neuroscience

    Postictal behavioural impairments are due to a severe prolonged hypoperfusion/hypoxia event that is COX-2 dependent

    Jordan S Farrell et al.
    Local tissue hypoxia follows seizures, is responsible for postictal behavioural dysfunction rather than the seizures per se and can be treated.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Cardiovascular adaptation to hypoxia and the role of peripheral resistance

    Andrew S Cowburn et al.
    Radiotelemetric and genetic studies of peripheral tissue response show that a peripheral tissue can dynamically alter cardiovascular adaptation to changes in environmental oxygen.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The p38 MAP kinase pathway modulates the hypoxia response and glutamate receptor trafficking in aging neurons

    Eun Chan Park, Christopher Rongo
    The subcellular localization of the prolyl hydroxylase oxygen sensor in C. elegans neurons is regulated by p38 MAP kinase signaling.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    SUMOylation of NaV1.2 channels mediates the early response to acute hypoxia in central neurons

    Leigh D Plant et al.
    The immediate response of the brain to a sudden, harmful drop in oxygen supply is the addition of SUMO proteins to sodium ion channels in neurons, increasing their activity.

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