66 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-inducible factor cell non-autonomously regulates C. elegans stress responses and behavior via a nuclear receptor

    Corinne L Pender, H Robert Horvitz
    The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF drives transcription of the gene cyp-36A1, which encodes a cytochrome P450 enzyme that acts via a putative intercellular signal to regulate the nuclear receptor NHR-46 and consequently stress resistance and behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    VEGF signaling regulates the fate of obstructed capillaries in mouse cortex

    Patrick Reeson et al.
    Mapping the fate of clogged brain capillaries reveals that VEGF signaling plays a critical role in dictating whether capillaries regain blood flow and persist or are pruned from the vascular tree.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Developmental Biology

    HIF-2α is essential for carotid body development and function

    David Macias et al.
    Genetic and physiological analyses demonstrate the essential role of the transcription factor HIF-2alpha in the sympathetic nervous system control of the ventilatory response to hypoxia.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A genetic program mediates cold-warming response and promotes stress-induced phenoptosis in C. elegans

    Wei Jiang et al.
    A gene regulatory program regulating thermal stress response and organismic death.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptomic analyses reveal rhythmic and CLOCK-driven pathways in human skeletal muscle

    Laurent Perrin et al.
    Rhythmic transcriptome analyses of human skeletal muscle tissue and cultured primary myotubes reveal an essential role for the circadian coordination of glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism in human skeletal muscle.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural retina-specific Aldh1a1 controls dorsal choroidal vascular development via Sox9 expression in retinal pigment epithelial cells

    So Goto et al.
    Neural retina-derived retinoic acids synthesized by Aldh1a1 control choroidal vascular development by regulating RPE-secreted VEGF.
  1. Episode 46: March 2018

    In this episode we hear about autism, insulin resistance, Sci-Hub, coping with low levels of oxygen, and how the brain responds to blindness.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    NuRD and CAF-1-mediated silencing of the D4Z4 array is modulated by DUX4-induced MBD3L proteins

    Amy E Campbell et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 engineered locus-specific proteomics leads to the identification of NuRD, CAF-1, and MBD3L2 as regulators of the early embryonic transcription factor DUX4.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution: Oxygen and early animals

    Kalle T Rytkönen
    The biology of sponges provides clues about how early animals may have dealt with low levels of oxygen.
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