9 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Pervasive duplication of tumor suppressors in Afrotherians during the evolution of large bodies and reduced cancer risk

    Juan M Vazquez, Vincent J Lynch
    Duplication of tumor suppressor genes contributed to the evolution of large, long-lived elephants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary Biology: How elephants beat cancer

    Stephen J Gaughran et al.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    TP53 copy number expansion is associated with the evolution of increased body size and an enhanced DNA damage response in elephants

    Michael Sulak et al.
    Elephants escaped enhanced cancer susceptibility by evolving more master tumor suppressor genes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroanatomy of a hydrothermal vent shrimp provides insights into the evolution of crustacean integrative brain centers

    Julia Machon et al.
    A neuroanatomical analysis of Rimicaris exoculata provides insights into these animal’s brain architecture to illustrate possible adaptations to the hydrothermal vent habitat with its extreme physicochemical conditions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High glucose levels increase influenza-associated damage to the pulmonary epithelial-endothelial barrier

    Katina D Hulme et al.
    Hyperglycaemia increases influenza severity by damaging the pulmonary epithelial-endothelial barrier and increasing pulmonary oedema during Influenza A virus infection.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Exocyst-mediated membrane trafficking of the lissencephaly-associated ECM receptor dystroglycan is required for proper brain compartmentalization

    Andriy S Yatsenko et al.
    Neuronal interacting proteome reveals that the cellular dynamics of the lissencephaly-associated extracellular matrix receptor dystroglycan are governed by the exocyst complex, which is key for proper brain assembly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Munc18-1 is a dynamically regulated PKC target during short-term enhancement of transmitter release

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Protein kinase C brings about post-tetanic potentiation - a temporary increase in synaptic strength due to increased transmitter release - via phosphorylation of a target protein, Munc18-1.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Giant extinct caiman breaks constraint on the axial skeleton of extant crocodylians

    Torsten M Scheyer et al.
    The giant caiman Purussaurus from the Miocene of Venezuela is the first recorded member of crown Crocodylia having three sacrals, thus breaking the otherwise strict vertebral constraint of the group.

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