686 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Alleviation of neuronal energy deficiency by mTOR inhibition as a treatment for mitochondria-related neurodegeneration

    Xinde Zheng et al.
    Rapamycin treatment inhibits mTOR activity and preserves ATP levels in neurons derived from induced pluripotent stem cells from a maternally inherited Leigh syndrome patient.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Science Forum: Unit of analysis issues in laboratory-based research

    Nick R Parsons et al.
    A simulation study is used to demonstrate how mistakes in identifying the experimental unit and the unit of analysis can lead to incorrect analyses and inappropriate inferences when reporting research studies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Social interactions drive efficient foraging and income equality in groups of fish

    Roy Harpaz, Elad Schneidman
    Analysis and modeling of group behavior of adult zebrafish shows that a specialized social interaction mechanism increases foraging efficiency and equality within groups, under a variety of environmental conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The deubiquitylase Ubp15 couples transcription to mRNA export

    Fanny Eyboulet et al.
    Ubp15 regulates the ubiquitylation of the export adaptor Mex67.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the Ca2+-dependent gating of the human mitochondrial calcium uniporter

    Yan Wang et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of human MCU-EMRE-MICU1-MICU2 complex in the apo and Ca2+-bound states reveal how MICU1 and MICU2 impart their gating function to the mitochondrial calcium uniporter.
    1. Neuroscience

    A machine-vision approach for automated pain measurement at millisecond timescales

    Jessica M Jones et al.
    Development of a fully automated pain scale using machine learning tools in computational neuroethology and creation of new software, reveals a robust circuit-dissection compatible platform for objective pain measurement.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    A new genetic strategy for targeting microglia in development and disease

    Gabriel L McKinsey et al.
    P2ry12-CreER robustly and specifically labels microglia in fate-mapping and ribosomal profiling experiments, revealing new markers for myeloid subpopulations in the central nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chromatin accessibility dynamics and single cell RNA-Seq reveal new regulators of regeneration in neural progenitors

    Anneke Dixie Kakebeen et al.
    Regenerating neural progenitors of the Xenopus tropicalis tail prioritize differentiation to motor neuron types earlier than proliferation, a decision partly regulated by the transcription factors Pbx3 and Meis1.

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