346 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ubiquitin-interacting motifs of ataxin-3 regulate its polyglutamine toxicity through Hsc70-4-dependent aggregation

    Sean L Johnson et al.
    Pathogenesis in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3 is enhanced by the heat-shock protein family member, Hsc70-4, uncovering new mechanisms of toxicity for this disease and suggesting pleiotropic roles for chaperones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term potentiation is independent of the C-tail of the GluA1 AMPA receptor subunit

    Javier Díaz-Alonso et al.
    Despite being the key element of the classic model for excitatory synaptic plasticity, the cytoplasmic AMPA receptor C-tail is not required for hippocampal LTP.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative mapping of transcriptome and proteome dynamics during polarization of human iPSC-derived neurons

    Feline W Lindhout et al.
    A dynamic qualitative and quantitative map of human iPSC-derived neuronal stem cells transitioning into polarized neurons with the identification and characterization of a previously unrecognized axon developmental stage.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    miRNA profile is altered in a modified EAE mouse model of multiple sclerosis featuring cortical lesions

    Nicola S Orefice et al.
    A novel EAE model featuring cortical lesions and an autoimmune heterogeneity, two key parameters missing in the classical model, allows for insights in disease pathogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of a temporal speech cue to a spatial neural code in human auditory cortex

    Neal P Fox et al.
    The human brain has a spatial code for representing temporal phonetic distinctions in speech.
    1. Neuroscience

    Firing rate-dependent phase responses of Purkinje cells support transient oscillations

    Yunliang Zang et al.
    Computational and theoretical models show that rate adaptation of phase responses can regulate Purkinje cell outputs by forming transient oscillations in fast-spiking neurons.
    1. Medicine

    Direct reprogramming of human smooth muscle and vascular endothelial cells reveals defects associated with aging and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome

    Simone Bersini et al.
    Direct reprogramming of smooth muscle cells from HGPS patients revealed that BMP4 is a key contributor of vascular degeneration and might represent a new therapeutic target.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Binding mechanism of the matrix domain of HIV-1 gag on lipid membranes

    Viviana Monje-Galvan, Gregory A Voth
    Unbiased molecular dynamics simulations reveal the insertion mechanism of the lipidated tail of the matrix domain of HIV-1 Gag into realistic membrane models and show its effect on lipid sorting.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Combining agent-based, trait-based and demographic approaches to model coral-community dynamics

    Bruno Sylvain Carturan et al.
    A new agent-based model enables predicting how coral species richness and functional diversity affect the functioning and resilience of coral reef ecosystems.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis coordinates oxidative metabolism in mammalian mitochondria

    Sara M Nowinski et al.
    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis is best known for producing lipoic acid, however, longer acyl chain products regulate mitochondrial electron transport chain assembly, oxidative TCA cycle metabolism, and skeletal myoblast differentiation.

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