43 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ACLY ubiquitination by CUL3-KLHL25 induces the reprogramming of fatty acid metabolism to facilitate iTreg differentiation

    Miaomiao Tian et al.
    Metabolic flux analysis, biochemistry assays, and functional confirmation in mice show that the ubiquitination and degradation of ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) mediated by CUL3-KLHL25 promotes the switch from fatty acid synthesis to fatty acid oxidation for iTreg differentiation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Unsupervised machine learning reveals key immune cell subsets in COVID-19, rhinovirus infection, and cancer therapy

    Sierra M Barone et al.
    Rare, virus-specific immune cells in human blood are automatically identified by machine learning algorithm T-REX and characterized for signature features needed for tracking and isolation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Calibration of cell-intrinsic interleukin-2 response thresholds guides design of a regulatory T cell biased agonist

    Caleb R Glassman et al.
    A panel of interleukin-2 partial agonists designed to exploit distinct immune cell response thresholds enabled selective activation of regulatory T cells in vivo.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fate mapping analysis reveals a novel murine dermal migratory Langerhans-like cell population

    Jianpeng Sheng et al.
    Fate mapping analysis shows that not bona fide Langerhans cells but their ‘look-alikes’ dermal Langerhans cell-like cells migrate to the lymph nodes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Bacterial–fungal interactions in the neonatal gut influence asthma outcomes later in life

    Rozlyn CT Boutin et al.
    Overgrowth of the yeast Pichia kudriavzevii within the neonatal gut microbiota increases allergic airway disease severity later in life and may be inhibited by short-chain fatty acids.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase PDK1 is critical for promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation

    Zhen Sun et al.
    PDK1 serves as a critical role for intrinsically promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation and effector functions via controlling expression level of TCF1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytomegalovirus restricts ICOSL expression on antigen-presenting cells disabling T cell co-stimulation and contributing to immune evasion

    Guillem Angulo et al.
    ICOSL-dependent T-cell co-stimulation contributes to the host defense against herpesvirus infections, and accordingly, these pathogens have developed immune evasion mechanisms to interrupt the ICOSL:ICOS signaling pathway.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth

    Helene Rundqvist et al.
    Exercise can induce metabolic changes that strikingly impact cytotoxic T cell function and in turn affect cancer progression.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic analysis of the unstimulated in vivo HIV CD4 T cell reservoir

    Jason Neidleman et al.
    An in-depth view of the in vivo blood and tissue HIV reservoir is presented highlighting shared phenotypic features between individuals, thus enabling marked ex vivo enrichment of replication-competent latent cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    β-catenin and γ-catenin are dispensable for T lymphocytes and AML leukemic stem cells

    Xin Zhao et al.
    The generation and characterization of true β-catenin null mutant mice conclusively demonstrate that β-catenin is dispensable for T lymphocytes and leukemia stem cells, providing clarifications on a long-standing controversy.

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