A periosteal Bmp2 signaling center couples bone length to bone width during development and must be reactivated by clinical bone anabolic therapies to reduce fracture risk and accelerate fracture repair.
HNF1A, a risk factor gene for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, is critical to maintaining pancreatic cancer stem cell properties through regulating POU5F1 (OCT4) expression, providing a novel role for HNF1A in maintenance of the disease.
The requirement for WNT signaling in mesendoderm differentiation is temporally separate from that of ACTIVIN signaling and acts to switch the output of ACTIVIN/SMAD2 from pluripotency maintenance to mesendoderm patterning.
The structure of the promising malaria blood-stage vaccine candidate antigen PfCyRPA and the characterization of a protective epitope are facilitating research on its essential role in parasite invasion, and will guide future epitope-focused vaccine design.
SAK1, a novel cytoplasmic phosphoprotein, is a key intermediate component of the retrograde signaling pathway controlling nuclear gene expression during acclimation of Chlamydomonas cells to singlet oxygen stress.