7,525 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Plant Biology

    GLO-Roots: an imaging platform enabling multidimensional characterization of soil-grown root systems

    Rubén Rellán-Álvarez et al.
    A luminescence-based imaging system is presented that allows soil-based environmental stimuli to be studied in root systems under physiologically relevant conditions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    3D imaging of Sox2 enhancer clusters in embryonic stem cells

    Zhe Liu et al.
    Lattice light-sheet single-molecule imaging shows 3D Sox2 enhancer clusters in live embryonic stem cells and reveals a model linking 3D spatial distribution of cis-elements, differential target search features and localized gene regulation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Loss of foxo rescues stem cell aging in Drosophila germ line

    Filippo Artoni et al.
    Loss of foxo rescues age-related defects in stem cell-mediated regeneration post-injury.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Visualization of stem cell activity in pancreatic cancer expansion by direct lineage tracing with live imaging

    Takahisa Maruno et al.
    Genetic lineage tracing approach combined with live imaging visualized the functional stem cell activity of Doublecortin-like kinase 1+ cells within pancreatic cancer in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Inducible depletion of adult skeletal muscle stem cells impairs the regeneration of neuromuscular junctions

    Wenxuan Liu et al.
    Skeletal muscle stem cells play important roles in the regeneration of neuromuscular junctions, and so present new targets for therapies to treat neuromuscular decline observed in the context of aging and various neuromuscular diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhanced FIB-SEM systems for large-volume 3D imaging

    C Shan Xu et al.
    Complete neuronal circuits can be reconstructed, and whole eukaryotic cells imaged, at less than 10 nm isotropic resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptive learning and decision-making under uncertainty by metaplastic synapses guided by a surprise detection system

    Kiyohito Iigaya
    Computational modeling offers an explanation for why animals learn more quickly or slowly when their environment becomes more variable or stable.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Loss of adult skeletal muscle stem cells drives age-related neuromuscular junction degeneration

    Wenxuan Liu et al.
    Building on previous work (Liu et al., 2015), it is shown that depletion or rescue of adult skeletal muscle stem cells is sufficient to induce or attenuate age-associated neuromuscular junction deterioration respectively.

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