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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cells repurpose proliferation to contain a breach in their niche barrier

    Kenneth Lay et al.
    Adult stem cells sense nearby tissue damage and recruit immune cells to help them direct efforts towards containing a breach in the epithelial barrier.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The whale shark genome reveals patterns of vertebrate gene family evolution

    Milton Tan et al.
    The new whale shark genome assembly represents the best gapless chondrichthyan genome assembly yet, and comparative genomic analyses provide insights into the evolution of vertebrate genome origins, immunity, and gigantism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A herpesvirus encoded Qa-1 mimic inhibits natural killer cell cytotoxicity through CD94/NKG2A receptor engagement

    Xiaoli Wang et al.
    Rodent herpesvirus Peru overcomes NK ‘missing-self’ killing using a non-classical MHC-I like protein resistant todownregulation by its own ubiquitin ligase that potently sabotages antigen presentation to T-cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq reveals hidden transcriptional variation in malaria parasites

    Adam J Reid et al.
    Plasmodium parasite transcription shifts dramatically along asexual development, and transmission stages variably express important immune evasion genes, suggesting much interesting biology has until now been hidden by bulk analyses.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human cytomegalovirus interactome analysis identifies degradation hubs, domain associations and viral protein functions

    Luis V Nobre et al.
    The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) interactome systematically characterises high-confidence viral-viral and viral-host protein interactions in HCMV-infected cells, facilitating multiple novel insights into HCMV and herpesviral function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The human coronavirus HCoV-229E S-protein structure and receptor binding

    Zhijie Li et al.
    The HCoV-229E coronavirus S-protein accommodates extensive mutational change and possesses hydrophilic subunit interfaces in the S2 region, features that provide new insights into immune evasion, cross-species transmission and membrane fusion.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The RNA binding protein IMP3 facilitates tumor immune escape by downregulating the stress-induced ligands ULPB2 and MICB

    Dominik Schmiedel et al.
    The well-established oncogene IMP3 impairs the interaction between cancer cells and the immune system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential dual-function complex mediates erythrocyte invasion and channel-mediated nutrient uptake in malaria parasites

    Daisuke Ito et al.
    Gene knockdowns reveal that the conserved RhopH protein complex functions in both host cell invasion and channel-mediated nutrient uptake in malaria.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Kinesin-4 KIF21B limits microtubule growth to allow rapid centrosome polarization in T cells

    Peter Jan Hooikaas et al.
    Kinesin-4 KIF21B promotes rapid reorientation of the microtubule network during formation of immunological synapse in T cells by acting as a pausing and catastrophe-inducing factor that keeps microtubules short.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.