Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
Experimental and computational analyses reveal how proteasomal hydrolysis is regulated and show that peptide transport is the rate-limiting step and the main differentiating factor between human standard- and immuno-proteasomes.
Alternative first exon usage was the major event observed in macrophages during inflammation, which resulted in the elucidation of a novel isoform and regulatory mechanism of the protein-coding gene, Aim2.
Expression of two highly regulated subfamilies of the complex multigene family encoding IL-17 cytokines in the purple sea urchin are sequentially activated in a larval gut-associated inflammation model and modulate downstream gene expression in the gut epithelium.
Perinatal granulopoiesis and cord blood serum PGLYRP-1, a specific granule protein, are altered prior to onset of childhood asthma and provide potential targets for early identification of at-risk populations.
A lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) derived from fibroblastic reticular cells regulates T-cell movement through the densely packed reticular network in lymph nodes in a manner dependent on the LPA receptor LPA2-ROCK-myosin II.