25 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identifying the immune interactions underlying HLA class I disease associations

    Bisrat J Debebe et al.
    HLA class I-disease associations have been studied for decades; a new approach for investigating the underlying mechanism can overcome past problems with interpretation and help to understand the etiology of human diseases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Immunogenetics: Untangling the immune basis of disease susceptibility

    Ruy M Ribeiro, Luis Graca
    Interactions between immune cell receptors and proteins that determine disease susceptibility shed light on how different arms of the immune system are involved in three viral infections and Crohn's disease.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic and epigenetic variation in the lineage specification of regulatory T cells

    Aaron Arvey et al.
    There is limited epigenetic conservation of lineage-specific DNA elements in Treg cells, and genetic variation in Treg cell specific enhancers is associated with autoimmune disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Proteome-wide analysis of a malaria vaccine study reveals personalized humoral immune profiles in Tanzanian adults

    Flavia Camponovo et al.
    Malaria pre-exposed volunteers exhibit large breadth of humoral immune responses, with strong variation between individuals, which might compromise vaccine-induced humoral immune response due to natural imprinting.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Empty conformers of HLA-B preferentially bind CD8 and regulate CD8+ T cell function

    Jie Geng et al.
    HLA-B*35:01 molecules that are peptide-deficient are thermostable, bind CD8 with higher affinity than their peptide-filled versions, accumulate at immunological synapses and enhance antigen-specific CD8+ T cell immune responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally diverse human T cells recognize non-microbial antigens presented by MR1

    Marco Lepore et al.
    MR1T cells are human polyclonal T cells endowed with diverse effector functions in response to endogenous antigens presented by MHC-class 1-related molecule, MR1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis

    Jose U Scher et al.
    The sequencing of microbial genomes reveals that the presence of a particular microbial species in the gut may increase the risk of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SLAMF6​ deficiency augments tumor killing and skews toward an effector phenotype revealing it as a novel T cell checkpoint

    Emma Hajaj et al.
    SLAMF6 is an inhibitory checkpoint of T cells, the lack of which leads to better tumor control, suggesting a new immunotherapy target.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Clusters of polymorphic transmembrane genes control resistance to schistosomes in snail vectors

    Jacob A Tennessen et al.
    A region of the Biomphalaria genome, containing highly divergent haplotypes with different combinations of transmembrane genes, strongly impacts whether these snails can transmit parasitic schistosomes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Toxoplasma gondii peptide ligands open the gate of the HLA class I binding groove

    Curtis McMurtrey et al.
    T. gondii infection alters how peptide ligands are presented to the immune system by inducing a previously unreported structural change in Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs).

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