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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    mRNA vaccination in people over 80 years of age induces strong humoral immune responses against SARS-CoV-2 with cross neutralization of P.1 Brazilian variant

    Helen Parry et al.
    The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine is highly effective at generating immune responses in people over the age of 80 years and provides good cross neutralization of the P.1 gamma variant of concern.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A broadly neutralizing macaque monoclonal antibody against the HIV-1 V3-Glycan patch

    Zijun Wang et al.
    Rhesus macaques can develop broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against the V3-glycan patch of Env that resembles human V3/N332 bNABs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Biochemical patterns of antibody polyreactivity revealed through a bioinformatics-based analysis of CDR loops

    Christopher T Boughter et al.
    A new software developed for high-throughput antibody, T cell receptor, and MHC repertoire analysis uncovers neutrality of the binding interface and intramolecular crosstalk as distinguishing properties of polyreactive antibodies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping immune variation and var gene switching in naive hosts infected with Plasmodium falciparum

    Kathryn Milne et al.
    Parasite variants associated with severe malaria do not have an intrinsic growth or survival advantage in vivo, which indicates that a change in host environment is required for their selection.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Science Forum: A Global lmmunological Observatory to meet a time of pandemics

    Michael J Mina et al.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has clearly demonstrated the need for a global system to monitor the dynamics of susceptibility and immunity, as well as infection, during epidemics and pandemics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    In vitro proteasome processing of neo-splicetopes does not predict their presentation in vivo

    Gerald Willimsky et al.
    Analysis of neo-splicetope-specific T cell responses strongly questions the idea that in vitro proteasome-catalyzed peptide splicing reaction simulates the in vivo situation with the same high fidelity as the in vitro generation of non-spliced epitopes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expression levels of MHC class I molecules are inversely correlated with promiscuity of peptide binding

    Paul E Chappell et al.
    The number of different peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex class I molecules to the immune system's T lymphocytes is inversely correlated with cell surface expression and is strongly associated with the response to infectious disease.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The effects of age and systemic metabolism on anti-tumor T cell responses

    Jefte M Drijvers et al.
    A comprehensive literature review delineates the current knowledge of how systemic context, such as age and obesity, can impact CD8+ T cell function, anti-tumor immunity, and immunotherapy responsiveness.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Philosophy of Biology: Immunology and individuality

    Thomas Pradeu
    Discussions about biological individuality and immunogenicity continue the long history of dialogue between philosophers and immunologists.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumors attenuating the mitochondrial activity in T cells escape from PD-1 blockade therapy

    Alok Kumar et al.
    Downregulation of mitochondrial activity by immunosuppressive tumor-derived soluble factors leads to systemic unresponsiveness to the PD-1 blockade therapy.