9 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD301b+ dendritic cells suppress T follicular helper cells and antibody responses to protein antigens

    Yosuke Kumamoto et al.
    CD301b dendritic cells potently suppress antibody responses by limiting the activity of follicular helper T cells and germinal center B cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epidermal barrier defects link atopic dermatitis with altered skin cancer susceptibility

    Sara Cipolat et al.
    A mouse model of atopic dermatitis provides mechanistic evidence for an association between allergic disease and skin cancer.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Serotonin modulates insect hemocyte phagocytosis via two different serotonin receptors

    Yi-xiang Qi et al.
    Insects use serotonin signaling in blood cells to help defend themselves against pathogens.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Lymph node stromal cells constrain immunity via MHC class II self-antigen presentation

    Antonio P Baptista et al.
    MHC class II-mediated self-antigen presentation by lymph node stromal cells controls regulatory T cell homeostasis, thus safeguarding immune tolerance.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is captured and displayed for B cell recognition by SIGN-R1+ lymph node macrophages

    Chung Park et al.
    Lymph node gp120 specific B cells extract locally injected HIV-1 gp120 from SIGN-R1 positive macrophages that line the subcapsular sinus overlying the lymph node interfollicular channels.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bystander hyperactivation of preimmune CD8+ T cells in chronic HCV patients

    Cécile Alanio et al.
    Naïve CD8+ T cells are dysregulated during chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection, and this is reversible after viral clearance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-resident natural killer (NK) cells are cell lineages distinct from thymic and conventional splenic NK cells

    Dorothy K Sojka et al.
    Natural killer cells that were commonly thought to circulate around the body can actually reside in distinct tissues, such as in the liver, skin or uterus, and do not re-circulate.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    HIV-1 Env trimer opens through an asymmetric intermediate in which individual protomers adopt distinct conformations

    Xiaochu Ma et al.
    The identification of a single-CD4 bound asymmetric HIV-1 Envelope trimer intermediate provides new mechanistic insights into the activation of Envelope for fusion, and highlights the importance of asymmetry in biology.

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