85 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Biophysics of object segmentation in a collision-detecting neuron

    Richard Burkett Dewell, Fabrizio Gabbiani
    Active dendritic processing enables an individual neuron to discriminate the spatial pattern of synaptic inputs, increasing neural and behavioral selectivity for escaping an impending threat.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    New tools for automated high-resolution cryo-EM structure determination in RELION-3

    Jasenko Zivanov et al.
    RELION-3 calculates single-particle reconstructions to higher resolution and with less user-interactions than previously available versions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal activity determines distinct gliotransmitter release from a single astrocyte

    Ana Covelo, Alfonso Araque
    A single astrocyte can decode neuronal activity and, consequently, release distinct gliotransmitters that differentially regulate neurotransmission at single hippocampal synapses.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Arterial smooth muscle cell PKD2 (TRPP1) channels regulate systemic blood pressure

    Simon Bulley et al.
    Arterial myocyte PKD2 channels are activated by vasoconstrictor stimuli, which increases blood pressure, are upregulated during hypertension and cell-specific knockout in vivo reduces both physiological blood pressure and hypertension.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mutationally-activated PI3’-kinase-α promotes de-differentiation of lung tumors initiated by the BRAFV600E oncoprotein kinase

    J Edward van Veen et al.
    Two of the most commonly mutated growth factor pathways induce a deadly feature of lung adenocarcinoma.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    cisTEM, user-friendly software for single-particle image processing

    Timothy Grant et al.
    cisTEM enables fast processing of single-particle cryo-EM data on CPU-based workstations and is easily accessible to new users.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Oncometabolite D-2-Hydroxyglutarate enhances gene silencing through inhibition of specific H3K36 histone demethylases

    Ryan Janke et al.
    Mutations in budding yeast modeled after cancer-associated isocitrate dehydrogenase mutations lead to stabilization of heterochromatin and enhanced gene silencing through inhibition of specific histone demethylases by the oncometabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Identification of a pre-active conformation of a pentameric channel receptor

    Anaïs Menny et al.
    Allosteric reorganizations of a bacterial channel receptor are mapped along the protein structure, using the site-directed bimane quenching fluorescence technique, through parallel real-time conformational and electrophysiological recordings.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PTEN controls glandular morphogenesis through a juxtamembrane β-Arrestin1/ARHGAP21 scaffolding complex

    Arman Javadi et al.
    PTEN organizes multicellular architecture by non-catalytic scaffolding of spatially localized β-Arrestin1/ARHGAP21/Cdc42 protein complexes to control mitotic spindle orientation, multicellular configuration and lumen formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological evidence for a metabotropic glutamate receptor heterodimer in neuronal cells

    David Moreno Delgado et al.
    Innovative approaches were used to identify the specific pharmacological properties of heterodimeric metabotropic glutamate receptors composed of mGlu2 and mGlu4 subunits, and reveal their existence in a neuronal cell line and in perforant path terminals.

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