1,848 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell assemblies at multiple time scales with arbitrary lag constellations

    Eleonora Russo, Daniel Durstewitz
    A novel statistical algorithm for mining high-dimensional spike train (count) data for significant spatio-temporal patterns reveals new insights into task and brain area dependent functional organization of neural activity.
  1. Equity, Diversity and Inclusion: Alternative strategies for closing the award gap between white and minority ethnic students

    Louise Cramer
    An analysis of the grades awarded to cell biology students at University College London suggests that exams may contribute more to the award gap than coursework in this subject.
  2. Meta-research: Researchers study implicit bias in peer review

    eLife editors and staff are collaborating to better understand, and begin to address, bias in the outcomes of peer review.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulation gravitates toward either addition or multiplication when combining the effects of two signals

    Eric M Sanford et al.
    When two signals increase transcription of the same gene, their combined effect tends to reflect either the sum of the individual increases or the product of the individual fold-changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Primate prefrontal neurons signal economic risk derived from the statistics of recent reward experience

    Fabian Grabenhorst et al.
    Neurons in prefrontal cortex track the variance of experienced rewards to guide economic decisions.
    1. Ecology

    Ant colonies maintain social homeostasis in the face of decreased density

    Andreas P Modlmeier et al.
    Organizational resilience allows ant colonies to retain high interaction rates in the face of decreased density by altering their spatial and social dynamics.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Rapid sex-specific adaptation to high temperature in Drosophila

    Sheng-Kai Hsu et al.
    Within 100 generations after an environmental shift in an evolution experiment, rapid sex-specific adaptation occurred, which is potentially facilitated by selection on standing variation in sex-specific genetic architecture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elementary sensory-motor transformations underlying olfactory navigation in walking fruit-flies

    Efrén Álvarez-Salvado et al.
    A high-throughput behavioral paradigm and computational modeling are used to decompose olfactory navigation in walking Drosophila melanogaster into a set of quantitative relationships between sensory input and motor output.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Elastic force restricts growth of the murine utricle

    Ksenia Gnedeva et al.
    Computational modeling and molecular-biological analysis reveal the role of mechanical force and downstream Yap signaling in growth control during the development and regeneration of sensory epithelium of the inner ear.

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