275 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporo-parietal cortex involved in modeling one’s own and others’ attention

    Arvid Guterstam et al.
    Functional brain scans of human participants show that the brain encodes other people's attention in enough richness to distinguish whether that attention was directed exogenously (stimulus-driven) or endogenously (internally driven).
    1. Neuroscience

    Laminar-specific cortico-cortical loops in mouse visual cortex

    Hedi Young et al.
    Ascending and descending cortico-cortical inputs are stronger on projection neurons that project back to the source of the inputs, forming selective interareal loops in deep but not superficial cortical layers.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Early life imprints the hierarchy of T cell clone sizes

    Mario U Gaimann et al.
    The rapid development of immune memory in infancy shapes the composition of T cell defenses throughout the human lifespan.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Random access parallel microscopy

    Mishal Ashraf et al.
    A new imaging modality is described that can simultaneously record from several dishes without using robotics, which enables researchers to perform high-throughput, continuous measurements on biological samples.
    1. Neuroscience

    Release probability increases towards distal dendrites boosting high-frequency signal transfer in the rodent hippocampus

    Thomas P Jensen et al.
    Excitatory synapses that occur further away from the postsynaptic cell soma exhibit greater neurotransmitter release probability, which appears to improve signal transfer fidelity for high-frequency afferent firing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit and synaptic organization of forebrain-to-midbrain pathways that promote and suppress vocalization

    Valerie Michael et al.
    Inhibitory neurons in the hypothalamus and amygdala push and pull on the midbrain vocal gating circuit to trigger and suppress ultrasonic vocalization (USV) production in the mouse.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconsidering the evidence for learning in single cells

    Samuel J Gershman et al.
    Single cells are believed to be incapable of complex forms of learning, but reconsideration of historical studies and more recent developments suggest that this orthodoxy must now be reconsidered.
    1. Developmental Biology

    SlitC-PlexinA1 mediates iterative inhibition for orderly passage of spinal commissural axons through the floor plate

    Hugo Ducuing et al.
    A combination of in vivo models and imaging techniques reveals the distribution of guidance cues and their mechanisms of action during commissural axon navigation of intermediate target.
    1. Neuroscience

    Systematic examination of low-intensity ultrasound parameters on human motor cortex excitability and behavior

    Anton Fomenko et al.
    Transcranial low-intensity ultrasound applied in block design and at low duty cycles and longer sonication durations can safely and non-invasively suppress human motor-evoked potentials, possibly via GABA-A-mediated inhibitory pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    High-resolution transcriptional and morphogenetic profiling of cells from micropatterned human ESC gastruloid cultures

    Kyaw Thu Minn et al.
    Micropatterned differentiation of human ESCs generates gastrulation cell types – germ layers, extraembryonic, and primordial germ cells with primate characteristics – that show conserved sorting behaviors when dissociated and reseeded as single-cell mixture.

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