Attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception occur simultaneously, yet over dissociable timescales, and are explained by efficient encoding and Bayesian decoding of visual information in a stable environment.
A specialized conduction pathway for the electrical impulse in the heart, previously thought to be associated with the endothermic mammals and birds only, is also present in the ectothermic crocodiles.
Two distinct subpopulations of CA1 neurons that increased or decreased their firing rate during delay were identified, suggesting that they have distinct roles in the valuation process in the hippocampus.
The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.
Building on previous work (Huang et al., 2016), we show that translational control by p-eIF2α is a defense mechanism that prevents persistent cocaine-induced synaptic synaptic potentiation underlying compulsive drug seeking.