237 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Decoupling global biases and local interactions between cell biological variables

    Assaf Zaritsky et al.
    DeBias is a generic method to decompose and quantify the confounding, global factors and direct interactions of pairwise interacting variables.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of protein phosphorylation in nerve terminal reveals extensive changes in active zone proteins upon exocytosis

    Mahdokht Kohansal-Nodehi et al.
    Global phosphoproteomic analysis in nerve terminal during exocytosis reveals 252 uniquely regulated phosphosites, highlighting complex regulation of active zone proteins at multiple sites and the role of specific kinases/phosphatases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulation of multispanning membrane protein topology via post-translational annealing

    Reid C Van Lehn et al.
    Coarse-grained modeling reveals a new mechanism for multispanning membrane protein topogenesis, in which misintegrated configurations of the proteins undergo post-translational annealing to reach final, fully integrated multispanning topologies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Odor-identity dependent motor programs underlie behavioral responses to odors

    Seung-Hye Jung et al.
    Flies respond to odors by modulating multiple independently modulated motor programs.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral genome structures are optimal for capsid assembly

    Jason D Perlmutter et al.
    Computer simulations reveal that viral nucleic acids have an ideal structure for being packaged into outer protein shells called capsids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin improves behavioral and electrophysiological deficits in a novel Shank3-deficient rat

    Hala Harony-Nicolas et al.
    The production, validation and study of a novel rat model for Phelan McDermid Syndrome shows an ameliorative effect of oxytocin on both social and attentional deficits.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shared behavioral mechanisms underlie C. elegans aggregation and swarming

    Siyu Serena Ding et al.
    Two seemingly distinct behaviors in social C. elegans worms, namely aggregating into groups and swarming over food, are driven by the same underlying mechanisms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The postsynaptic t-SNARE Syntaxin 4 controls traffic of Neuroligin 1 and Synaptotagmin 4 to regulate retrograde signaling

    Kathryn P Harris et al.
    Syntaxin 4 regulates retrograde signaling in the postsynaptic compartment at Drosophila synapses by controlling trafficking of Neuroligin and Synaptotagmin 4 cargo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization and function of Drosophila odorant binding proteins

    Nikki K Larter et al.
    A genetic analysis reveals that some olfactory sensilla of Drosophila do not require an abundant odorant binding protein and that one such protein may act in gain control.

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